Influence of embedded gap and overlap fiber placement defects on the microstructure and shear and compression properties of carbon-epoxy laminates

Type Article
Date 2016-03
Language English
Author(s) Lan Marine1, Cartie Denis2, Davies PeterORCID3, Baley Christophe1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ South Brittany, LIMATB, Rue St Maude, F-56000 Lorient, France.
2 : Coriolis Composites SAS, Rue Condorcet, F-56350 Za Du Mourillon, Queven, France.
3 : IFREMER, Ctr Bretagne, Technopole Brest Iroise, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
Source Composites Part A-applied Science And Manufacturing (1359-835X) (Elsevier Sci Ltd), 2016-03 , Vol. 82 , P. 198-207
DOI 10.1016/j.compositesa.2015.12.007
WOS© Times Cited 18
Keyword(s) Structural composites, Defects, Mechanical properties, Mechanical testing
Abstract This paper presents results from an experimental study of the influence of embedded defects created during automated fiber tape placement, on the mechanical properties of carbon/epoxy composites. Two stacking sequences have been examined, [(-45°/+45°)3/-45°] and [90°4/0°3/90°4], in which gaps and overlaps have been introduced during fiber placement. These materials have been cured in an autoclave either with or without a caul plate, then analyzed by ultrasonic C-scan. The microstructures were characterized by scanning electron microscopy. In-plane shear tests were performed on the ±45° laminates and showed that the use of a caul plate does not affect mechanical behavior of plies in the embedded defect region. Compression tests were performed on 0/90° laminates and in this case the presence of a caul plate is critical during polymerization as it prevents thickness variations and allows defects to heal.
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