Large-scale spatio-temporal patterns of Mediterranean cephalopod diversity

Type Article
Date 2016-01
Language English
Author(s) Kellerhttps://w3.Ifremer.Fr/archimer-Admin/author.Jsp# Stefanie1, Bartolino Valerio2, Hidalgo Manuel1, Bitetto Isabella3, Casciaro Loredana3, Cuccu Danila4, Esteban Antonio5, Garcia Cristina6, Garofalo Germana7, Josephides Marios8, Jadaud Angelique9, Lefkaditou Evgenia10, Maiorano Porzia11, Manfredi Chiara12, Marceta Bojan13, Massut Enric1, Micallef Reno14, Peristeraki Panagiota15, Relini Giulio16, 17, Sartor Paolo18, Spedicato Maria Teresa3, Tserpes George15, Quetglas Antoni1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Inst Espanol Oceanog, Ctr Oceanog Baleares, Palma De Mallorca 07015, Spain.
2 : SLU Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Aquat Resources, Lysekil, Sweden.
3 : COISPA Tecnol & Ric, Stn Sperimentale Studio Risorse Mare, Bari, Italy.
4 : Univ Cagliari, Dipartemento Sci Vita & Ambiente, IEO, Cagliari, Italy.
5 : Ctr Oceanog Murcia, Murcia, Spain.
6 : Ctr Oceanog Malaga, IEO, Malaga, Spain.
7 : CNR, IAMC Coastal Marine Environm Inst, Mazara Del Vallo, TP, Italy.
8 : Minist Agr Rural Dev & Environm, DFMR, Nicosia, Cyprus.
9 : IFREMER, UMR Ecosyst Marins Exploites EME 212, Sete, France.
10 : HCMR, Athens, Greece.
11 : Univ Bari Aldo Moro, Dept Biol, Bari, Italy.
12 : Univ Bologna, Lab Biol Marina & Pesca, Fano, PS, Italy.
13 : Fishery Res Inst Slovenia, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
14 : Minist Sustainable Dev, Dept Fisheries & Aquaculture, Marsa, Malta.
15 : HCMR, Iraklion, Crete, Greece.
16 : SIBM, Genoa, Italy.
17 : Univ Genoa, DISTAV, Genoa, Italy.
18 : CIBM Ctr Interuniv Biol Marina & Ecol Appl, Livorno, Italy.
Source Plos One (1932-6203) (Public Library Science), 2016-01 , Vol. 11 , N. 1 , P. e0146469.
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0146469
WOS© Times Cited 7
Abstract Species diversity is widely recognized as an important trait of ecosystems’ functioning and resilience. Understanding the causes of diversity patterns and their interaction with the environmental conditions is essential in order to effectively assess and preserve existing diversity. While diversity patterns of most recurrent groups such as fish are commonly studied, other important taxa such as cephalopods have received less attention. In this work we present spatio-temporal trends of cephalopod diversity across the entire Mediterranean Sea during the last 19 years, analysing data from the annual bottom trawl survey MEDITS conducted by 5 different Mediterranean countries using standardized gears and sampling protocols. The influence of local and regional environmental variability in different Mediterranean regions is analysed applying generalized additive models, using species richness and the Shannon Wiener index as diversity descriptors. While the western basin showed a high diversity, our analyses do not support a steady eastward decrease of diversity as proposed in some previous studies. Instead, high Shannon diversity was also found in the Adriatic and Aegean Seas, and high species richness in the eastern Ionian Sea.
Overall diversity did not show any consistent trend over the last two decades. Except in the Adriatic Sea, diversity showed a hump-shaped trend with depth in all regions, being highest between 200-400 m depth. Our results indicate that high Chlorophyll a concentrations and warmer temperatures seem to enhance species diversity, and the influence of these parameters is stronger for richness than for Shannon diversity.
Full Text
File Pages Size Access
Publisher's official version 24 3 MB Open access
Map of the Mediterranean Sea showing the geographical sub-areas (GSAs) established by the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) and the MEDITS stations sampled during 1994–2013 1 MB Open access
Species richness per GSA rarefied to 20 hauls 1 MB Open access
GAM outputs of partial effects for 1) depth at the six bioregions investigated (A-F), 2) chlorophyll a concentration (Chla; G) and 3) surface sea temperature (SST; H) on Mediterranean cephalopod ... 1 MB Open access
List of all species found during MEDITS, by area. Numbers are frequency of occurence averaged from 1994–2012 4 179 KB Open access
Best model selection for H’ and S based on explained variance, GCV and AIC. 1 83 KB Open access
Top of the page

How to cite 

Kellerhttps://w3.Ifremer.Fr/archimer-Admin/author.Jsp# Stefanie, Bartolino Valerio, Hidalgo Manuel, Bitetto Isabella, Casciaro Loredana, Cuccu Danila, Esteban Antonio, Garcia Cristina, Garofalo Germana, Josephides Marios, Jadaud Angelique, Lefkaditou Evgenia, Maiorano Porzia, Manfredi Chiara, Marceta Bojan, Massut Enric, Micallef Reno, Peristeraki Panagiota, Relini Giulio, Sartor Paolo, Spedicato Maria Teresa, Tserpes George, Quetglas Antoni (2016). Large-scale spatio-temporal patterns of Mediterranean cephalopod diversity. Plos One, 11(1), e0146469. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146469 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00303/41407/