Complementary approaches to diagnosing marine diseases: a union of the modern and the classic
|Author(s)||Burge Colleen A.1, Friedman Carolyn S.2, Getchell Rodman3, House Marcia4, Lafferty Kevin D.5, Mydlarz Laura D.6, Prager Katherine C.7, 8, Sutherland Kathryn P.9, Renault Tristan10, Kiryu Ikunari11, Vega-Thurber Rebecca12|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Univ Maryland Baltimore Cty, Inst Marine & Environm Technol, 701 E Pratt St, Baltimore, MD 21202 USA.
2 : Univ Washington, Sch Aquat & Fishery Sci, Box 355020, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.
3 : Cornell Univ, Coll Vet Med, Dept Microbiol & Immunol, Vet Med Ctr C4 177, 930 Campus Rd, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA.
4 : Northwest Indian Fisheries Commiss, 6730 Martin Way East, Olympia, WA 98516 USA.
5 : Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Inst Marine Sci, Western Ecol Res Ctr, US Geol Survey, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 USA.
6 : Univ Texas Arlington, Dept Biol, 501 South Nedderman, Arlington, TX 76019 USA.
7 : Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA.
8 : NIH, Fogarty Int Ctr, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.
9 : Rollins Coll, Dept Biol, Winter Pk, FL 32789 USA.
10 : IFREMER, Dept Ressources Biol & Environm, Rue Ile Yeu, F-44311 Nantes 03, France.
11 : Fisheries Res Agcy, Natl Res Inst Aquaculture, Tsu, Mie 5160193, Japan.
12 : Oregon State Univ, 454 Nash Hall, Corvallis, OR 97330 USA.
|Source||Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society B-biological Sciences (0962-8436) (Royal Soc), 2016-03 , Vol. 371 , N. 1689 , P. 1-11|
|WOS© Times Cited||33|
|Note||Theme issue ‘Marine disease’ compiled and edited by Kevin D. Lafferty and Eileen E. Hofmann|
|Keyword(s)||marine disease, aetiology, diagnostics, marine epizootics|
|Abstract||Linking marine epizootics to a specific etiology is notoriously difficult. Recent diagnostic successes show that marine disease diagnosis requires both modern, cutting-edge technology (e.g. metagenomics, quantitative realtime PCR) and more classic methods (e.g. transect surveys, histopathology and cell culture). Here, we discuss how this combination of traditional and modern approaches is necessary for rapid and accurate identification of marine diseases, and emphasize how sole reliance on any one technology or technique may lead disease investigations astray. We present diagnostic approaches at different scales, from the macro (environment, community, population and organismal scales) to the micro (tissue, organ, cell and genomic scales). We use disease case studies from a broad range of taxa to illustrate diagnostic successes from combining traditional and modern diagnostic methods. Finally, we recognize the need for increased capacity of centralized databases, networks, data repositories and contingency plans for diagnosis and management of marine disease.|