Metal bioaccumulation and physiological condition of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) reared in two shellfish basins and a marina in Normandy (northwest France)
|Author(s)||Seguin A.1, 2, Caplat C.1, 2, Serpentini A.1, 2, Lebel J. M.1, 2, Menet-Nedelec Florence3, Costil K.1, 2|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Univ Caen Normandie, Normandie Univ, F-14032 Caen, France.
2 : Univ Caen Normandie, UMR BOREA Biol Organismes & Ecosyst Aquat, Esplanade Paix, MNHN,UPMC,UCBN,CNRS 7208,IRD 207,IBFA, F-14032 Caen 5, France.
3 : IFREMER, LERN, Ave Gal de Gaulle,BP 32, F-14520 Port En Bessin, France.
|Source||Marine Pollution Bulletin (0025-326X) (Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd), 2016-05 , Vol. 106 , N. 1-2 , P. 202-214|
|WOS© Times Cited||19|
|Keyword(s)||Crassostrea gigas, Metallic contamination, Bioaccumulation, Physiological condition, Oxidative stress, France|
|Abstract||A 5-month experiment combining a geochemical survey of metals with a bioaccumulation study in batches of Crassostrea gigas was conducted in two shellfish farming areas and a marina in Normandy (France). Various endpoints at different levels of biological organization were studied. ROCCH data showed differences in biota contamination between the two shellfish areas but the present study revealed only slight differences in metallic contamination and biomarkers. By contrast, significantly different values were recorded in the marina in comparison with the two other sites. Indeed, higher levels of Cd, Cu and Zn were measured in the oysters from the marina, and these oysters also showed a poorer physiological condition (e.g., condition index, histopathological alterations and neutral lipid content). For coastal monitoring, the multi-biomarker approach coupled with an assessment of metallic contamination in biota appeared to be suitable for discriminating spatial differences in environmental quality after only a few months of exposure.|