New Prionospio and Aurospio Species from the Deep Sea (Annelida: Polychaeta)

Type Article
Date 2016-03
Language English
Author(s) Paterson Gordon L. J.1, Neal Lenka1, Altamira Iris2, Soto Eulogio H.3, Smith Craig R.2, Menot LenaickORCID4, Billett David S. M.5, Cunha Marina R.6, 7, Marchais-Laguionie Claire1, 5, Glover Adrian G.1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Nat Hist Museum, Dept Life Sci, Cromwell Rd, London SW7 5BD, England.
2 : Univ Hawaii, Dept Oceanog, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA.
3 : Univ Valparaiso, Fac Ciencias Mar & Recursos Nat, Ave Borgono, Vina Del Mar 16344, Chile.
4 : IFREMER, Ctr Brest, REM EEP LEP, BP 70, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
5 : Natl Oceanog Ctr, European Way, Southampton SO14 3ZH, Hants, England.
6 : Univ Aveiro, Dept Biol, Campus Santiago, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal.
7 : Univ Aveiro, CESAM, Campus Santiago, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal.
Source Zootaxa (1175-5326) (Magnolia Press), 2016-03 , Vol. 4092 , N. 1 , P. 1-32
DOI 10.11646/zootaxa.4092.1.1
WOS© Times Cited 13
Keyword(s) taxonomy, distribution, Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Prionospio, Aurospio, Prionospio amarsupiata sp nov., Prionospio vallensis sp nov., Prionospio branchilucida sp nov., Prionospio hermesia sp nov., Prionospio kaplani sp nov., Prionospio Iberian Canyons sp C, Aurospio abranchiata sp nov., Aurospio tribranchiata sp nov.
Abstract The number of records of the genus Prionospio Malmgren, 1867, from the deep sea (> 2000 m) are relatively few and do not reflect the actual occurrence of species nor their potential ecological importance. In this paper we describe five new species of this genus (Prionospio amarsupiata sp. nov., P. vallensis sp. nov., P. branchilucida sp. nov., P. hermesia sp. nov. and P. kaplani sp. nov.) all of which are abundant members of the deep-sea community. We also describe two new species of the genus Aurospio Maciolek, 1981 (Aurospio abranchiata sp. nov. and A. tribranchiata sp. nov.) again common elements of the abyssal fauna. Two of the new species have characters which question the generic distinctiveness of Prionospio and Aurospio. The problems in differentiating these two genera are discussed.
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Paterson Gordon L. J., Neal Lenka, Altamira Iris, Soto Eulogio H., Smith Craig R., Menot Lenaick, Billett David S. M., Cunha Marina R., Marchais-Laguionie Claire, Glover Adrian G. (2016). New Prionospio and Aurospio Species from the Deep Sea (Annelida: Polychaeta). Zootaxa, 4092(1), 1-32. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4092.1.1 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00337/44824/