How transdisciplinary approaches lead to sustainable management of marine fisheries

Type Meeting abstract
Date 2016
Language English
Author(s) Villanueva Ching-MariaORCID
Affiliation(s) IFREMER, Laboratoire des Biologies Halieutiques, IFREMER, Pointe du Diable BP 70, 29280, Plouzané, France
Department of Zoology and Environmental Management, Faculty of Science, University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya 11600, Sri Lanka
Royal Holloway University of London, Dept. of Geography, Royal Holloway University of London, EGHAM, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK
University of Vienna, Department of Freshwater Ecology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
Meeting World fisheries Congres, 23-27 May 2016, Busan
Abstract Transdisciplinary approaches to improve understanding of complex anthropogenic-environmental interactions in ecosystems are becoming common trends in ecosystem-based management to fisheries. Several components of different environmental disciplines and social sectors are combined to provide a more holistic and system-based analysis of system functioning and management. To achieve this, it was necessary to comprehend and identify key processes and regulatory functions of the three aspects considered. Several coastal ecosystems in different countries were considered in this study. All ecosystems are highly exploited and overall MSY of capture fisheries is severely threatened. Several projects applying the multi-disciplinary approach are highlighted to provide examples of applied researches as response to the increasing demand by official funding agencies to policy relevant and ‘research impact’ requirements. The interlinkages between environmental issues and socio-economic conditions of these ecosystems were addressed and compared at the various geographical scales based on legislation and associated regulations. Environmental and socio-economic issues were distinguished at the national, regional and local levels and translated into sound and sustainable management principles. This comparative study is a rare example of successful collaborations between natural and social scientific disciplines, each influenced by highly different geo-political and socio-economic-environmental contexts. The take-out message indicates that these environments should be considered as hierarchically nested systems, in which the ecological conditions from small/single to larger/holistic scale of ecosystem conditions are strongly dependent on human resource use and other activities. Effective achievement of objectives relies on building solid and long-term science-policy interactions with policy makers and stockholders.

Keywords: joined-up co-management; EBFM; socio-economic-environmental contexts
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Villanueva Ching-Maria (2016). How transdisciplinary approaches lead to sustainable management of marine fisheries. World fisheries Congres, 23-27 May 2016, Busan.