Antimicrobial peptides in marine invertebrate health and disease

Type Article
Date 2016-05
Language English
Author(s) Destoumieux-Garzon Delphine1, 2, 3, 4, Rosa Rafael Diego5, Schmitt Paulina6, Barreto Caire5, Vidal-Dupiol JeremieORCID7, Mitta Guillaume1, 2, 3, 4, Gueguen YannickORCID1, 2, 3, 4, Bachere Evelyne1, 2, 3, 4
Affiliation(s) 1 : CNRS, Pl Eugene Bataillon, F-34090 Montpellier, France.
2 : IFREMER, Pl Eugene Bataillon, F-34090 Montpellier, France.
3 : UPVD, Pl Eugene Bataillon, F-34090 Montpellier, France.
4 : Univ Montpellier, IHPE, UMR5244, Pl Eugene Bataillon, F-34090 Montpellier, France.
5 : Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Dept Cell Biol Embryol & Genet, Lab Immunol Appl Aquaculture, BR-88040900 Florianopolis, SC, Brazil.
6 : Pontificia Univ Catolica Valparaiso, Inst Biol, Lab Genet & Inmunol Mol, Ave Univ 330, Valparaiso 2373223, Chile.
7 : IFREMER, LabexCorail, UMR EIO 241, BP 7004, Taravao 98719, Tahiti, Fr Polynesia.
Source Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society B-biological Sciences (0962-8436) (Royal Soc), 2016-05 , Vol. 371 , N. 1695 , P. 1-11
DOI 10.1098/rstb.2015.0300
WOS© Times Cited 52
Note Theme issue ‘Evolutionary ecology of arthropod antimicrobial peptides’ compiled and edited by Jens Rolff and Paul Schmid-Hempel
Keyword(s) invertebrate immunity, polymicrobial disease, vibrio, immune suppression, resistance, abiotic stress
Abstract Aquaculture contributes more than one-third of the animal protein from marine sources worldwide. A significant proportion of aquaculture products are derived from marine protostomes that are commonly referred to as 'marine invertebrates'. Among them, penaeid shrimp (Ecdysozosoa, Arthropoda) and bivalve molluscs (Lophotrochozoa, Mollusca) are economically important. Mass rearing of arthropods and molluscs causes problems with pathogens in aquatic ecosystems that are exploited by humans. Remarkably, species of corals (Cnidaria) living in non-exploited ecosystems also suffer from devastating infectious diseases that display intriguing similarities with those affecting farmed animals. Infectious diseases affecting wild and farmed animals that are present in marine environments are predicted to increase in the future. This paper summarizes the role of the main pathogens and their interaction with host immunity, with a specific focus on antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) and pathogen resistance against AMPs. We provide a detailed review of penaeid shrimp AMPs and their role at the interface between the host and its resident/pathogenic microbiota. We also briefly describe the relevance of marine invertebrate AMPs in an applied context. This article is part of the themed issue 'Evolutionary ecology of arthropod antimicrobial peptides'.
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Destoumieux-Garzon Delphine, Rosa Rafael Diego, Schmitt Paulina, Barreto Caire, Vidal-Dupiol Jeremie, Mitta Guillaume, Gueguen Yannick, Bachere Evelyne (2016). Antimicrobial peptides in marine invertebrate health and disease. Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society B-biological Sciences, 371(1695), 1-11. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0300 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00341/45220/