OMIP contribution to CMIP6: experimental and diagnostic protocol for the physical component of the Ocean Model Intercomparison Project

Type Article
Date 2016-09
Language English
Author(s) Griffies Stephen M.1, Danabasoglu Gokhan2, Durack Paul J.3, Adcroft Alistair J.1, Balaji V.1, Boning Claus W.4, Chassignet Eric P.5, Curchitser Enrique6, Deshayes Julie7, 26, Drange Helge8, Fox-Kemper Baylor9, Gleckler Peter J.3, Gregory Jonathan M.10, 11, Haak Helmuth12, Hallberg Robert W.1, Heimbach Patrick13, 14, Hewitt Helene T.10, Holland David M.15, Ilyina Tatiana12, Jungclaus Johann H.12, Komuro Yoshiki16, Krasting John P.1, Large William G.2, Marsland Simon J.17, Masina Simona18, 19, McDougall Trevor J.20, Nurser A. J. George21, Orr James C.22, Pirani Anna23, 24, Qiao Fangli25, Stouffer Ronald J.1, Taylor Karl E.3, Treguier Anne-Marie26, Tsujino Hiroyuki27, Uotila Petteri28, Valdivieso Maria29, Wang Qiang30, Winton Michael1, Yeager Stephen G.2
Affiliation(s) 1 : NOAA, Geophys Fluid Dynam Lab, Princeton, NJ 08540 USA.
2 : Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, POB 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 USA.
3 : Lawrence Livermore Natl Lab, Program Climate Model Diag & Intercomparison, Livermore, CA USA.
4 : GEOMAR Helmholtz Ctr Ocean Res Kiel, Kiel, Germany.
5 : Florida State Univ, COAPS, Tallahassee, FL 32306 USA.
6 : Rutgers State Univ, New Brunswick, NJ USA.
7 : Univ Paris 06, Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, IRD,MNHN,LOCEAN Lab, Paris, France.
8 : Univ Bergen, Geophys Inst, N-5020 Bergen, Norway.
9 : Brown Univ, DEEPS, Providence, RI 02912 USA.
10 : Met Off Hadley Ctr, Exeter, Devon, England.
11 : Univ Reading, Reading RG6 2AH, Berks, England.
12 : Max Planck Inst Meteorol, Bundesstr 53, D-20146 Hamburg, Germany.
13 : Univ Texas Austin, Inst Computat Engn & Sci, Austin, TX 78712 USA.
14 : Univ Texas Austin, Jackson Sch Geosci, Austin, TX 78712 USA.
15 : NYU, New York, NY USA.
16 : Japan Agcy Marine Earth Sci & Technol, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.
17 : CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere, Aspendale, Vic, Australia.
18 : Ctr Euromediterraneo Cambiamenti Climat, Bologna, Italy.
19 : Ist Nazl Geofis & Vulcanol, Bologna, Italy.
20 : Univ New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
21 : NOCS, Southampton, Hants, England.
22 : UVSQ, CEA, CNRS, IPSL,LSCE,UMR8212, Gif Sur Yvette, France.
23 : Univ Paris Saclay, Paris, France.
24 : Abdus Salam Inst Theoret Phys, Trieste, Italy.
25 : State Ocean Adm, Inst Oceanog 1, Qingdao, Peoples R China.
26 : IFREMER, Lab Oceanog Phys & Spatiale, Plouzane, France.
27 : Japan Meteorol Agcy, MRI, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
28 : Finnish Meteorol Inst, Helsinki, Finland.
29 : Univ Reading, Reading, Berks, England.
30 : Helmholtz Ctr Polar & Marine Res AWI, Alfred Wegener Inst, Bremerhaven, Germany.
Source Geoscientific Model Development (1991-959X) (Copernicus Gesellschaft Mbh), 2016-09 , Vol. 9 , N. 9 , P. 3231-3296
DOI 10.5194/gmd-9-3231-2016
WOS© Times Cited 156
Note Special issue Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) Experimental Design and Organization Editor(s): GMD topical editors | Coordinator: V. Eyring
Abstract The Ocean Model Intercomparison Project (OMIP) is an endorsed project in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6). OMIP addresses CMIP6 science questions, investigating the origins and consequences of systematic model biases. It does so by providing a framework for evaluating (including assessment of systematic biases), understanding, and improving ocean, sea-ice, tracer, and biogeochemical components of climate and earth system models contributing to CMIP6. Among the WCRP Grand Challenges in climate science (GCs), OMIP primarily contributes to the regional sea level change and near-term (climate/decadal) prediction GCs.

OMIP provides (a) an experimental protocol for global ocean/sea-ice models run with a prescribed atmospheric forcing; and (b) a protocol for ocean diagnostics to be saved as part of CMIP6. We focus here on the physical component of OMIP, with a companion paper (Orr et al., 2016) detailing methods for the inert chemistry and interactive biogeochemistry. The physical portion of the OMIP experimental protocol follows the interannual Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments (CORE-II). Since 2009, CORE-I (Normal Year Forcing) and CORE-II (Interannual Forcing) have become the standard methods to evaluate global ocean/sea-ice simulations and to examine mechanisms for forced ocean climate variability. The OMIP diagnostic protocol is relevant for any ocean model component of CMIP6, including the DECK (Diagnostic, Evaluation and Characterization of Klima experiments), historical simulations, FAFMIP (Flux Anomaly Forced MIP), C4MIP (Coupled Carbon Cycle Climate MIP), DAMIP (Detection and Attribution MIP), DCPP (Decadal Climate Prediction Project), ScenarioMIP, HighResMIP (High Resolution MIP), as well as the ocean/sea-ice OMIP simulations.
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Griffies Stephen M., Danabasoglu Gokhan, Durack Paul J., Adcroft Alistair J., Balaji V., Boning Claus W., Chassignet Eric P., Curchitser Enrique, Deshayes Julie, Drange Helge, Fox-Kemper Baylor, Gleckler Peter J., Gregory Jonathan M., Haak Helmuth, Hallberg Robert W., Heimbach Patrick, Hewitt Helene T., Holland David M., Ilyina Tatiana, Jungclaus Johann H., Komuro Yoshiki, Krasting John P., Large William G., Marsland Simon J., Masina Simona, McDougall Trevor J., Nurser A. J. George, Orr James C., Pirani Anna, Qiao Fangli, Stouffer Ronald J., Taylor Karl E., Treguier Anne-Marie, Tsujino Hiroyuki, Uotila Petteri, Valdivieso Maria, Wang Qiang, Winton Michael, Yeager Stephen G. (2016). OMIP contribution to CMIP6: experimental and diagnostic protocol for the physical component of the Ocean Model Intercomparison Project. Geoscientific Model Development, 9(9), 3231-3296. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :