Rocky shore benthic communities as indicators of global change in the context of European directives
|Other titles||Communautés benthiques des substrats rocheux comme indicateurs du changement global dans le contexte des directives européennes|
|Author(s)||de Casamajor Marie-Noelle1, Lalanne Yann2, Huguenin Laura1, 2, Oger-Jeanneret Helene3|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : IFREMER - Laboratoire Ressources Halieutiques d'Aquitaine - 1 allée du parc Montaury 64600 Anglet France - FED 4155 MIRA, France
2 : Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour (UPPA) - UFR Côte basque - 1 allée du parc Montaury 64600 Anglet, France
3 : IFREMER - Laboratoire Environnement Ressources d'Arcachon - Quai du commandant Silhouette 33120 Arcachon, France
|Meeting||Littoral 2016 "The changing littoral. Anticipation and adaptation to climate change" - 13th conference of the traditional biennial international event of the Coastal & Marine Union (EUCC). 25 au 29 octobre 2016, Biarritz)|
|Abstract||The implementation of European Directives in the last decade (WFD, MSFD, DHFF) shows a growing interest in assessing the environmental status of coastal areas in maintaining the ecosystems functionality and biodiversity conservation. In this context, investigations on benthic communities were launched to increase knowledge on taxonomic composition and their spatial distribution. On the Basque coast, rocky shores present remarkable habitats and biogeographic specificities, both in intertidal and subtidal areas. These productive environments, covered with shallow seaweed beds, have a high functionality such as nursery and a protective function for many species during their life cycle. At the scale of marine sub-area of the Bay of Biscay, data available reflects a biogeographic interest of benthic communities for rocky substrates from different biological groups, like algae, invertebrates and fish. Monitoring southern and sensitive species is particularly interesting to qualify this biological meridionalization, in front of global change in this sub-area. From the synthesis of existing data and previous works, three taxonomic groups appear to be relevant to bring information: ecologically remarkable (linked to habitat as determinant or opportunistic taxa), introduced / invasive, distribution limit.
For the implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, the establishment of taxonomic lists considering these criteria is a first step to contribute to relevant indicators for "seafloor integrity "Biodiversity, Non indigenous species, eutrophication, contaminants....) and how they may affect "stock of exploited species in good health" for sustainability of local economic activity. To further enhance the information needed, the lists of species are presented with their particular ecological sensitivity and interest for knowledge. Moreover, this analysis allows to identify, for future works, relevant biological models to be considered for evaluation of the specific impact of climate change in front of their distribution area : northern and southern limit.