Technical paper on Toxicity Equivalency Factors for Marine Biotoxins Associated with Bivalve Molluscs

Type Report
Date 2016
Language English
Other localization
Author(s) FAO/WHO
Contributor(s) Botana Luis, Hess PhilippORCID, Munday Rex, Arnich Nathalie, Degrasse Stacey, Feeley Mark, Suzuki Toshiyuki, Van Den Berg Martin
Note ISBN 978-92-5-109345-0 (FAO) ISBN 978-92-4-151148-3 (WHO)
Keyword(s) toxicity, shellfish, risk assessment, fisheries, fishery products, consumer protection, food safety, aquatic environment
Abstract World bivalve molluscs production (capture + aquaculture) has been increasing substantially in the last fifty years, going from nearly one million tonnes in 1950 to about 15 million tonnes in 2012. Being filter feeders, bivalves utilise natural plankton and detritus as feed and do not require artificial feeds. But this filter feeding nature is also the reason for the requirement of strict environmental hygiene to produce bivalves safe for human consumption. They tend to concentrate microorganisms, toxins and chemicals from the environment and therefore, their safety management requires stringent sanitary measures to ensure consumer protection. Following the request of Codex Committee on Fish and Fishery Products (CCFFP), FAO/WHO agreed to develop a technical document on the subject of Toxicity Equivalency Factors (TEFs) for marine biotoxins. This document is of high importance for food safety managers in member countries of both FAO and WHO.
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