Influence of preoperative food and temperature conditions on pearl biogenesis in Pinctada margaritifera

Type Article
Date 2017-10
Language English
Author(s) Latchere Oihana1, 2, Le Moullac GillesORCID1, Gaertner-Mazouni Nabila2, Fievet Julie1, Magre Kevin1, Saulnier Denis1
Affiliation(s) 1 : UPF, IFREMER, IRD, UMR EIO 241,ILM,Labex Corail, BP 49, F-98719 Tahiti, French Polynesi, France.
2 : Univ Polynesie Francaise, IFREMER, IRD, UMR EIO 241,ILM,Labex Corail, BP 6570, F-98702 Faaa, French Polynesi, Fr Polynesia.
Source Aquaculture (0044-8486) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2017-10 , Vol. 479 , P. 176-187
DOI 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2017.05.046
WOS© Times Cited 10
Keyword(s) Pinctada margaritifera, Cultured pearl, Biomineralization, Environment, Gene expression, Pearl quality

Trophic conditions and water temperature strongly influence bivalve physiological processes and metabolism. In black-lip pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera, these parameters have been shown to affect shell biomineralization. The present study investigated the effect of preoperative food level (i.e., microalgal concentration) and temperature on pearl biomineralization. Donor and recipient oysters were conditioned at different levels of food and temperature during the preoperative phase to evaluate the influence of these factors on 1) pearl retention rate (grafting success), 2) expression of genes involved in biomineralization in the mantle and pearl sac and 3) pearl quality traits. Our study confirmed the influence of both microalgal concentration and temperature on shell growth. Food level of donor oysters was decisive for pearl biomineralization, with donors that had been fed at a high microalgal concentration producing pearl sacs with significantly higher biomineralization capabilities and faster nacre establishment during early stages of pearl formation. However, food level showed no effects on quality traits of the pearls harvested 12 months postgrafting, while preoperative temperature only influenced the relative expression of two genes in pearl sacs at 12 months postgrafting. No significant effects of the preoperative conditioning of recipient oysters were detected in either experiment considering gene expression measurements and pearl quality traits. However, mortality was significantly lower in grafted recipient oysters fed at an intermediate trophic level. Finally, pearl weight was shown to be positively correlated with recipient oyster growth.

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