Shell Growth Performance of Hatchery Produced Pinctada margaritifera: Family Effect and Relation with Cultured Pearl Weight

Type Article
Date 2017
Language English
Author(s) Ky Chin-Long1, Le Moullac GillesORCID1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Ifremer, UMR 241 Ecosystèmes Insulaires Oceaniens (EIO), Labex Corail, Centre du Pacifique, BP 49, 98719 Taravao, Tahiti, French Polynesia
Source Journal of Aquaculture Research and Development (2155-9546) (OMICS International), 2017 , Vol. 8 , N. 480 , P. 1-6
DOI 10.4172/2155-9546.1000480
Keyword(s) Pinctada margaritifera, Pearl oyster, Hatchery-produced families, Growth performance, Shell diameter, Cultured pearl size

Size is the most important and valuable quality trait of cultured pearls produced by the black-lipped pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera. In French Polynesia, several breeding programmes have been started that aim to improve this size trait, which is highly related to shell growth rate in both recipient and donor oysters. Shell growth rate dictates the time of grafting, size of implanted nuclei and bio-mineralisation potential of the mantle and pearl sac. We assessed shell growth rate through routine digital shell biometric analysis on 22 hatchery families produced between 2005 and 2008. These included full-sib families and half-sib families derived from polyandry (one dam crossed with two or more sires). Results showed that: 1) a significant family effect was recorded for growth performance, analysed according to the Von Bertalanffy model, 2) a significant male effect was observed for some of the half-sib families and 3) a relationship was found between the shell growth performances of five families randomly selected and used as graft donors in a grafting experiment and the final weight of the cultured pearls produced. These results have important implications for the breeding of pearl oysters with high growth capacities: it may be possible to select oyster lines for the potential to produce large pearls using shell equivalent diameter estimated by the digital method as a selection criterion.

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