The development of contemporary European sea bass larvae (Dicentrarchus labrax) is not affected by projected ocean acidification scenarios
|Author(s)||Crespel Amelie1, Zambonino-Infante Jose-Luis1, Mazurais David1, Koumoundouros George3, Fragkoulis Stefanos3, Quazuguel Patrick1, Huelvan Christine1, Madec Lauriane1, Servili Arianna1, Claireaux Guy2|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : IFREMER, Lab Adaptat Reprod & Nutr Poissons, LEMAR, UMR 6539, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
2 : Univ Bretagne Occidentale, LEMAR, Lab Adaptat Reprod & Nutr Poissons, UMR 6539, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
3 : Univ Crete, Biol Dept, Iraklion 70013, Crete, Greece.
|Source||Marine Biology (0025-3162) (Springer Heidelberg), 2017-07 , Vol. 164 , N. 7 , P. 155 (1-12)|
|WOS© Times Cited||12|
Ocean acidification is a recognized consequence of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emission in the atmosphere. Despite its threat to marine ecosystems, little is presently known about the capacity for fish to respond efficiently to this acidification. In adult fish, acid-base regulatory capacities are believed to be relatively competent to respond to hypercapnic conditions. However, fish in early life stage could be particularly sensitive to environmental factors as organs and important physiological functions become progressively operational during this period. In this study, the response of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae reared under three ocean acidification scenarios, i.e., control (present condition, P-CO2 = 590 mu atm, pH total = 7.9), low acidification (intermediate IPCC scenario, P-CO2 = 980 mu atm, pH total = 7.7), and high acidification (most severe IPCC scenario, P-CO2 = 1520 mu atm, pH total = 7.5) were compared across multiple levels of biological organizations. From 2 to 45 days-post-hatching, the chronic exposure to the different scenarios had limited influence on the survival and growth of the larvae (in the low acidification condition only) and had no apparent effect on the digestive developmental processes. The high acidification condition induced both faster mineralization and reduction in skeletal deformities. Global (microarray) and targeted (qPCR) analysis of transcript levels in whole larvae did not reveal any significant changes in gene expression across tested acidification conditions. Overall, this study suggests that contemporary sea bass larvae are already capable of coping with projected acidification conditions without having to mobilize specific defense mechanisms.