Causes of earthquake spatial distribution beneath the Izu-Bonin-Mariana Arc

Type Article
Date 2018-01
Language English
Author(s) Kong Xiangchao1, Li Sanzhong1, 2, Wang Yongming1, Suo Yanhui1, Dai Liming1, Geli LouisORCID1, 2, 3, Zhang Yong1, Guo Lingli1, Wang Pengcheng1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Ocean Univ China, Coll Marine Geosci, Key Lab Submarine Geosci & Prospecting Tech, Minist Educ, Qingdao 266100, Peoples R China.
2 : Qingdao Natl Lab Marine Sci & Technol, Lab Marine Geol, Qingdao 266235, Peoples R China.
3 : Ifremer, Inst Carnot Ifremer EDROME, Marine Geosci Dept, BP 70, F-266235 Plouzane, France.
Source Journal Of Asian Earth Sciences (1367-9120) (Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd), 2018-01 , Vol. 151 , P. 90-100
DOI 10.1016/j.jseaes.2017.10.015
WOS© Times Cited 9
Keyword(s) Philippine Sea Plate, Pacific Plate, Earthquake, Seamount, Slab tear, Subduction rate

Statistics about the occurrence frequency of earthquakes (1973-2015) at shallow, intermediate and great depths along the Izu-Bonin-Mariana (IBM) Arc is presented and a percent perturbation relative to P-wave mean value (LLNL-G3Dv3) is adopted to show the deep structure. The correlation coefficient between the subduction rate and the frequency of shallow seismic events along the IBM is 0.605, proving that the subduction rate is an important factor for shallow seismic events. The relationship between relief amplitudes of the seafloor and earthquake occurrences implies that some seamount chains riding on the Pacific seafloor may have an effect on intermediate-depth seismic events along the IBM. A probable hypothesis is proposed that the seamounts or surrounding seafloor with high degree of fracture may bring numerous hydrous minerals into the deep and may result in a different thermal structure compared to the seafloor where no seamounts are subducted. Fluids from the seamounts or surrounding seafloor are released to trigger earthquakes at intermediate-depth. Deep events in the northern and southern Mariana arc are likely affected by a horizontal propagating tear parallel to the trench.

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