Strong winds in a coupled wave-atmosphere model during a North Atlantic storm event: evaluation against observations
|Author(s)||Pineau-Guillou Lucia1, Ardhuin Fabrice1, Bouin Marie-Noelle1, 2, 3, Redelsperger Jean-Luc1, Chapron Bertrand1, Bidlot Jean-Raymond4, Quilfen Yves1|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : UBO, IFREMER, CNRS, IRD,LOPS,UMR 6523,IUEM, Plouzane, France.
2 : Meteo France, CNRM, UMR 3589, Toulouse, France.
3 : CNRS, Toulouse, France.
4 : European Ctr Medium Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, Berks, England.
|Source||Quarterly Journal Of The Royal Meteorological Society (0035-9009) (Wiley), 2018-01 , Vol. 144 , N. 711 Part.B , P. 317-332|
|WOS© Times Cited||10|
|Keyword(s)||air-sea exchanges, northeast Atlantic, winds, IFS, sea state, roughness length, drag coefficient, wind stress|
Strong winds may be biased in atmospheric models. Here the ECMWF coupled wave-atmosphere model is used (1) to evaluate strong winds against observations, (2) to test how alternative wind stress parameterizations could lead to a more accurate model. For the period of storms Kaat and Lilli (23 to 27 January 2014), we compared simulated winds with in-situ – moored buoys and platforms - and satellite observations available from the North Atlantic. Five wind stress parameterizations were evaluated. The first result is that moderate simulated winds (5-20 m s-1) match with all observations. However, for strong winds (above 20 m s-1), mean differences appear, as much as -7 m s-1 at 30 m s-1. Significant differences also exist between observations, with buoys and ASCAT-KNMI generally showing lower wind speeds than the platforms and other remote sensing data used in this study (AMSR2, ASCAT-RSS, WindSat, SMOS and JASON-2). It is difficult to conclude which dataset should be used as a reference. Even so, buoy and ASCAT-KNMI winds are likely to underestimate the real wind speed. The second result is that common wave-age dependent parameterizations produce unrealistic drags and are not appropriate for coupling, whereas a newly empirically-adjusted Charnock parameterization leads to higher winds compared to the default ECMWF parameterization. This proposed new parameterization may lead to more accurate results in an operational context.