Recreational sea fishing in Europe in a global context-Participation rates, fishing effort, expenditure, and implications for monitoring and assessment
|Author(s)||Hyder Kieran1, Weltersbach Marc Simon2, Armstrong Mike1, Ferter Keno3, Townhill Bryony1, Ahvonen Anssi4, Arlinghaus Robert5, 6, Baikov Andrei7, Bellanger Manuel8, Birzaks Janis9, Borch Trude10, Cambie Giulia1, 11, De Graaf Martin12, Diogo Hugo M. C.13, Dziemian Lukasz14, Gordoa Ana15, Grzebielec Ryszard14, Hartill Bruce16, Kagervall Anders17, Kapiris Kostas18, Karlsson Martin19, Kleiven Alf Ring20, Lejk Adam M.14, Levrel Harold21, 22, Lovell Sabrina, Lyle Jeremy23, Moilanen Pentti4, Monkman Graham11, Morales-Nin Beatriz24, Mugerza Estanis25, Martinez Roi1, O'Reilly Paul26, Olesen Hans Jakob27, Papadopoulos Anastasios28, Pita Pablo29, Radford Zachary1, Radtke Krzysztof14, Roche William26, Rocklin Delphine30, Ruiz Jon25, Scougal Callum1, Silvestri Roberto31, Skov Christian32, Steinback Scott33, Sundelof Andreas34, Svagzdys Arvydas35, Turnbull David36, Van Der Hammen Tessa12, Van Voorhees David22, Van Winsen Frankwin37, Verleye Thomas38, Veiga Pedro39, Volstad Jon-Helge3, Zarauz Lucia, Zolubas Tomas35, Strehlow Harry V.2|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Ctr Environm Fisheries & Aquaculture Sci, Lowestoft, Suffolk, England.
2 : Thunen Inst Balt Sea Fisheries, Rostock, Germany.
3 : Inst Marine Res, Bergen, Norway.
4 : Nat Resources Inst Finland Luke, Helsinki, Finland.
5 : Leibniz Inst Freshwater Ecol & Inland Fisheries, Dept Biol & Ecol Fishes, Berlin, Germany.
6 : Humboldt Univ, Albrecht Daniel Thaer Inst Agr & Hort, Fac Life Sci, Div Integrat Fisheries Management, Berlin, Germany.
7 : Minist Environm, Fisheries Resources Dept, Tallinn, Estonia.
8 : Ifremer, UMR AMURE, Unite Econ Maritime, Plouzane, France.
9 : Inst Food Safety Anim Hlth & Environm, Riga, Latvia.
10 : Akvaplan Niva AS, Fram Ctr, Tromso, Norway.
11 : Bangor Univ, Sch Ocean Sci, Menai Bridge, Anglesey, Wales.
12 : Wageningen Marine Res, Ijmuiden, Netherlands.
13 : Univ Acores, Dept Oceanog & Pescas, Marine & Environm Sci Ctr, Horta, Acores, Portugal.
14 : NMFRI, Gdynia, Poland.
15 : CEAB CSIC, Dept Marine Ecol, Blanes, Spain.
16 : NIWA, Auckland, New Zealand.
17 : Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Inst Freshwater Res, Drottningholm, Sweden.
18 : Inst Marine Biol Resources & Inland Waters, Hellen Ctr Marine Res, Anavissos, Greece.
19 : Inst Coastal Res, Dept Aquat Resources, Oregrund, Sweden.
20 : Flodevigen Marine Res Stn, Inst Marine Res, Hls, Norway.
21 : UMR CIRED, Paris, France.
22 : NOAA Fisheries, Silver Spring, MD USA.
23 : Univ Tasmania, Inst Marine & Antarctic Studies, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
24 : CSIC UIB, Mediterranean Inst Adv Studies, Mallorca, Iles Balears, Spain.
25 : AZTI Tecnalia, Sukarrieta, Bizkaia, Spain.
26 : Inland Fisheries Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.
27 : Tech Univ Denmark, Natl Inst Aquat Resources DTU Aqua, Lyngby, Denmark.
28 : Fisheries Res Inst, Nea Peramos, Greece.
29 : Univ Santiago de Compostela, Fac Econ & Business Adm, Dept Appl Econ, Santiago De Compostela, Spain.
30 : Mem Univ Newfoundland, Dept Geog, St John, NF, Canada.
31 : Ctr Interuniv Biol Marina Ecol Applicata, CIBM, Livorno, Italy.
32 : Tech Univ Denmark, Sect Inland Fisheries & Ecol, DTU AQUA, Silkeborg, Denmark.
33 : NOAA Fisheries, Woods Hole, MA USA.
34 : Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Inst Marine Res, Lysekil, Sweden.
35 : Minist Agr, Fisheries Serv, Klaipeda, Lithuania.
36 : Scottish Govt, Marine Scotland, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
37 : Inst Agr & Fisheries Res ILVO, Oostende, Belgium.
38 : Flanders Marine Inst, Vlaams Inst Zee VLIZ, Oostende, Belgium.
39 : Univ Algarve, Ctr Marine Sci CCMAR, FCT 7, Faro, Portugal.
|Source||Fish And Fisheries (1467-2960) (Wiley), 2018-03 , Vol. 19 , N. 2 , P. 225-243|
|WOS© Times Cited||24|
|Keyword(s)||European marine recreational fisheries, fisheries assessment and management, fishing effort and expenditure, participation, surveys and monitoring of marine recreational fisheries|
Marine recreational fishing (MRF) is a high-participation activity with large economic value and social benefits globally, and it impacts on some fish stocks. Although reporting MRF catches is a European Union legislative requirement, estimates are only available for some countries. Here, data on numbers of fishers, participation rates, days fished, expenditures, and catches of two widely targeted species were synthesized to provide European estimates of MRF and placed in the global context. Uncertainty assessment was not possible due to incomplete knowledge of error distributions; instead, a semi-quantitative bias assessment was made. There were an estimated 8.7 million European recreational sea fishers corresponding to a participation rate of 1.6%. An estimated 77.6 million days were fished, and expenditure was €5.9 billion annually. There were higher participation, numbers of fishers, days fished and expenditure in the Atlantic than the Mediterranean, but the Mediterranean estimates were generally less robust. Comparisons with other regions showed that European MRF participation rates and expenditure were in the mid-range, with higher participation in Oceania and the United States, higher expenditure in the United States, and lower participation and expenditure in South America and Africa. For both northern European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax, Moronidae) and western Baltic cod (Gadus morhua, Gadidae) stocks, MRF represented 27% of the total removals. This study highlights the importance of MRF and the need for bespoke, regular and statistically sound data collection to underpin European fisheries management. Solutions are proposed for future MRF data collection in Europe and other regions to support sustainable fisheries management.