Effect of oral exposure to the acaricide pirimicarb, a new varroacide candidate, on apis mellifera feeding rate

Type Article
Date 2018-08
Language English
Author(s) Riva Clemence, Sokolowski Michel B. C.3, Normand JulienORCID, Santos Jana Sopkova-De Oliveira2, Halm-Lemeille Marie-PierreORCID1, 2
Affiliation(s) 1 : Ifremer Port En Bessin, Lab Environm Ressources Normandie, F-14520 Port En Bessin, France.
2 : Univ Caen Basse Normandie, CERMN, UNICAEN, ICORE,UFR Sci Pharmaceut, Caen, France.
3 : UPJV, GRAP, INSERM ERI24, Amiens, France.
Source Pest Management Science (1526-498X) (Wiley), 2018-08 , Vol. 74 , N. 8 , P. 1790-1797
DOI 10.1002/ps.4876
WOS© Times Cited 3
Keyword(s) Apis mellifera, Varroa destructor management, acaricide, pirimicarb, acetylcholinesterase


The ectoparasitic honey bee mite Varroa destructor is one of the main causes related to the gradual decline of honey bees Apis mellifera. Nowadays, beekeepers utilize a wide range of different synthetic acaricides, organic acids and essential oils to keep mite populations under control. A previous work had shown that pirimicarb could be a new varroacide candidate. The aim of this study was to observe the chronic effects on worker honey bees feeding activity after an oral exposure to 1.05 mM of pirimicarb. Long-term effect of a 24 hours exposition to pirimicarb were also tested.


After three successive trials were performed, no mortality could be detected at the tested concentration, oral exposure to pirimicarb had significant effect on honey bees feeding behavior. Pirimicarb added to a sucrose solution led to a rapid decrease of food intake. These tendencies may be reversed when the pesticide is removed. However, the recovery seemed to be trial-dependent.


The study highlights a seasonal variation of honey bee's susceptibility which should be considered in toxicology studies in general.

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Riva Clemence, Sokolowski Michel B. C., Normand Julien, Santos Jana Sopkova-De Oliveira, Halm-Lemeille Marie-Pierre (2018). Effect of oral exposure to the acaricide pirimicarb, a new varroacide candidate, on apis mellifera feeding rate. Pest Management Science, 74(8), 1790-1797. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.4876 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00423/53466/