The Stone Tidal Fish Weirs of the Molene Archipelago, Iroise Sea, Brittany, Western France: a long-term tradition with early megalithic origins

Type Article
Date 2018-03
Language English
Author(s) Gandois Henri1, 2, Stephan Pierre3, 4, Cuisnier David5, Hulot Olivia6, Ehrhold AxelORCID7, Paul Marine3, Le Dantec Nicolas8, Franzetti Marcaurelio8
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Paris I Pantheon Sorbonne, UMR Trajectoires, Paris, France.
2 : Univ Rennes 1, UMR CReAAH, Rennes, France.
3 : Univ Bretagne Occidentale, CNRS, UMR LETG, Inst Univ Europeen Mer, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
4 : LTSER France, Brest, France.
5 : Ferme Insulaire Kemenez, Ile De Kemenez, Le Conquet, France.
6 : Minist Culture & Commun, DRASSM, Marseille, France.
7 : IFREMER, Geosci Marines, Ctr Brest, BP70,CS10070, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
8 : Univ Bretagne Occidentale, Inst Univ Europeen Mer, CEREMA, UMR Geosci Ocean 6538, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
Source International Journal Of Nautical Archaeology (1057-2414) (Wiley), 2018-03 , Vol. 47 , N. 1 , P. 5-27
DOI 10.1111/1095-9270.12277
WOS© Times Cited 2
Keyword(s) Tidal weirs, fish traps, Mol<bold>e</bold>ne Archipelago, megalithic constructions, sea-level change, Mesolithic, Neolithic
Abstract

This reports on a project that combined evidence gleaned from aerial photographs, place-names, interviews, topography, LIDAR data, and sonar bathymetry to locate stone tidal fish weirs in the Molene Archipelago. The results were verified by diver and pedestrian visual surveys. Models of Holocene sea-level change allowed a group of possibly Late Mesolithic-Early Neolithic weirs to be recognized, with a second group broadly dated to the later Neolithic-Early Bronze Age. The construction of these long megalithic structures is compared to the funerary monuments for which the Molene Archipelago is well known, in terms of technique, cost, and societal organization.

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Gandois Henri, Stephan Pierre, Cuisnier David, Hulot Olivia, Ehrhold Axel, Paul Marine, Le Dantec Nicolas, Franzetti Marcaurelio (2018). The Stone Tidal Fish Weirs of the Molene Archipelago, Iroise Sea, Brittany, Western France: a long-term tradition with early megalithic origins. International Journal Of Nautical Archaeology, 47(1), 5-27. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1111/1095-9270.12277 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00430/54208/