Nutritional programming by dietary carbohydrates in European sea bass larvae: not always what expected at juvenile stage

Type Article
Date 2019-02
Language English
Author(s) Zambonino-Infante Jose-LuisORCID1, Panserat S.2, Servili Arianna1, Mouchel OlivierORCID1, Madec Lauriane1, Mazurais DavidORCID1
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, UMR 6539 LEMAR, PFOM ARN, Ctr Bretagne, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
2 : Univ Pau & Pays Adour, INRA, E2S UPPA, UMR1419 Nutr,Metab,Aquaculture,Aquapole, F-64310 St Pee Sur Nivelle, France.
Source Aquaculture (0044-8486) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2019-02 , Vol. 501 , P. 441-447
DOI 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2018.11.056
WOS© Times Cited 5
Keyword(s) Dicentrarchus labrax, Glucose metabolism, High-carbohydrate regimes, Marine fish larvae, Nutritional programming
Abstract

Optimizing the metabolic use of these carbohydrate-rich plant products in fish feeds could be achieved through nutritional programming strategies of fish larvae. The present study aims at testing the long-term effect of an early-life high-carbohydrate nutritional (34% of starch in the feed) stimulus in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), by examining several biochemical and molecular parameters involved in carbohydrate metabolism in sea bass larvae and juveniles, compared to a control group fed standard larval regime (phase 1). As awaited, specific activities of digestive enzymes, from pancreatic and intestinal segments, involved in glucide digestion (amylase, sucrase) were enhanced together with an up-regulation of glucokinase gene and down-regulation of glucose 6-phosphatase gene assayed in whole-body larvae fed the high-carbohydrate diet. However, this regime also induced a significant lowering in growth and survival.

Six months later, while all the fish were fed the same standard diet, a first hypoxia challenge test allowed to distinguish two groups of fish according their nutritional history at larval stage: fish had been fed high-carbohydrate regime performed much better than control. When fed again during 2 months with a high-carbohydrate diet (phase 2), such larval nutritional history did not confer any subsequent “advantage” or “disadvantage” in term of carbohydrate metabolism and growth. A second hypoxia challenge test performed just after phase 2, did not confirm the first one. All together our results indicated that the larval conditioning may fade over time. It was suggested to apply regular nutritional stress pulses during the first months of fish life

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