Research Priorities to Support Effective Manta and Devil Ray Conservation
|Author(s)||Stewart Joshua D.1, 2, Jaine Fabrice R. A.3, 4, Armstrong Amelia J.5, Armstrong Asia O.5, Bennett Michael B.5, Burgess Katherine B.5, 6, Couturier Lydie I. E.7, Croll Donald A.8, Cronin Melissa R.8, Deakos Mark H.9, Dudgeon Christine L.5, Fernando Daniel2, 10, 11, Froman Niv2, Germanov Elitza S.6, 12, Hall Martin A.13, Hinojosa-Alvarez Silvia14, Hosegood Jane E.2, 15, Kashiwagi Tom6, 16, Laglbauer Betty J. L.17, Lezama-Ochoa Nerea18, Marshall Andrea D.6, McGregor Frazer12, Di Sciara Giuseppe Notarbartolo19, Palacios Marta D.20, Peel Lauren R.2, 21, 22, 23, 24, Richardson Anthony J.25, 26, Rubin Robert D.27, Townsend Kathy A.28, Venables Stephanie K.6, 21, 22, Stevens Guy M. W.2|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Scripps Inst Oceanog, La Jolla, CA USA.
2 : Manta Trust, Dorchester, Dorset, England.
3 : Sydney Inst Marine Sci, Mosman, NSW, Australia.
4 : Macquarie Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
5 : Univ Queensland, Sch Biomed Sci, St Lucia, Qld, Australia.
6 : Marine Megafauna Fdn, Truckee, CA USA.
7 : Univ Brest, CNRS, IRD, IFREMER,UMR 6539 LEMAR, Plouzane, France.
8 : Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Coastal Conservat Act Lab, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.
9 : Hawaii Assoc Marine Educ & Res, Lahaina, HI USA.
10 : Linnaeus Univ, Dept Biol & Environm Sci, Kalmar, Sweden.
11 : Blue Resources Trust, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
12 : Murdoch Univ, Perth, WA, Australia.
13 : Inter Amer Trop Tuna Commiss, La Jolla, CA USA.
14 : Univ Barcelona, Lab Evolutionary Biol & Bioinformat, Barcelona, Spain.
15 : Bangor Univ, Mol Ecol & Fisheries Genet Lab, Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales.
16 : Southern Illinois Univ Carbondale, Ctr Fisheries Aquaculture Aquat Sci, Carbondale, IL USA.
17 : Univ Azores, Okeanos Res Ctr, Horta, Portugal.
18 : AZTI Tecnalia Marine Res Div, Pasaia, Spain.
19 : Tethys Res Inst, Milan, Italy.
20 : Inst Politecn Nacl CICIMAR, La Paz, Mexico.
21 : Univ Western Australia, Sch Biol Sci, Perth, WA, Australia.
22 : Univ Western Australia, Oceans Inst, Perth, WA, Australia.
23 : Save Our Seas Fdn, DArros Res Ctr, Geneva, Switzerland.
24 : Australian Inst Marine Sci, Crawley, WA, Australia.
25 : Univ Queensland, Sch Math & Phys, Ctr Applicat Nat Resource Math CARM, St Lucia, Qld, Australia.
26 : CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere Ecosci Precinct, Dutton Pk, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.
27 : Pacific Manta Res Grp, Santa Rosa, CA USA.
28 : Univ Sunshine Coast, Sch Sci & Engn, Hervey Bay, Qld, Australia.
|Source||Frontiers In Marine Science (2296-7745) (Frontiers Media Sa), 2018-09 , Vol. 5 , N. 314 , P. 27p.|
|WOS© Times Cited||1|
|Keyword(s)||manta, mobula, devil ray, elasmobranch, management|
Manta and devil rays are filter-feeding elasmobranchs that are found circumglobally in tropical and subtropical waters. Although relatively understudied for most of the Twentieth century, public awareness and scientific research on these species has increased dramatically in recent years. Much of this attention has been in response to targeted fisheries, international trade in mobulid products, and a growing concern over the fate of exploited populations. Despite progress in mobulid research, major knowledge gaps still exist, hindering the development of effective management and conservation strategies. We assembled 30 leaders and emerging experts in the fields of mobulid biology, ecology, and conservation to identify pressing knowledge gaps that must be filled to facilitate improved science-based management of these vulnerable species. We highlight focal research topics in the subject areas of taxonomy and diversity, life history, reproduction and nursery areas, population trends, bycatch and fisheries, spatial dynamics and movements, foraging and diving, pollution and contaminants, and sub-lethal impacts. Mobulid rays remain a poorly studied group, and therefore our list of important knowledge gaps is extensive. However, we hope that this identification of high priority knowledge gaps will stimulate and focus future mobulid research.