Genome and metabolic network of "Candidatus Phaeomarinobacter ectocarpi" Ec32, a new candidate genus of Alphaproteobacteria frequently associated with brown algae

Type Article
Date 2014-07
Language English
Author(s) Dittami Simon M.1, 2, Barbeyron Tristan1, 2, Boyen Catherine1, 2, Cambefort Jeanne3, 4, 5, Collet Guillaume3, 4, 5, Delage Ludovic1, 2, Gobet AngeliqueORCID1, 2, Groisillier Agnes1, 2, Leblanc Catherine1, 2, Michel Gurvan1, 2, Scornet Delphine1, 2, Siegel AnneORCID3, 4, 5, Tapia Javier E.2, 6, Tonon ThierryORCID1, 2
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Paris 06, UMR 8227, Univ Paris 04, Stn Biol Roscoff, Roscoff, France.
2 : CNRS, Stn Biol Roscoff, UMR 8227, F-29688 Roscoff, France.
3 : CNRS, IRISA UMR 6074, F-29688 Roscoff, France.
4 : Univ Rennes 1, IRISA UMR 6074, Rennes, France.
5 : INRIA, Ctr Rennes Bretagne Atlantique, Rennes, France.
6 : Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Fac Ciencias Biol, Dept Ecol, Santiago, Chile.
Source Frontiers In Genetics (1664-8021) (Frontiers Media Sa), 2014-07 , Vol. 5 , N. 241 , P. 13p.
DOI 10.3389/fgene.2014.00241
WOS© Times Cited 15
Abstract

Rhizobiales and related orders of Alphaproteobacteria comprise several genera of nodule-inducing symbiotic bacteria associated with plant roots. Here we describe the genome and the metabolic network of "Candidatus Phaeomarinobacter ectocarpi" Ec32, a member of a new candidate genus closely related to Rhizobiales and found in association with cultures of the filamentous brown algal model Ectocarpus. The "Ca. P. ectocarpi" genome encodes numerous metabolic pathways that may be relevant for this bacterium to interact with algae. Notably, it possesses a large set of glycoside hydrolases and transporters, which may serve to process and assimilate algal metabolites. It also harbors several proteins likely to be involved in the synthesis of algal hormones such as auxins and cytokinins, as well as the vitamins pyridoxine, biotin, and thiamine. As of today, "Ca. P. ectocarpi" has not been successfully cultured, and identical 16S rDNA sequences have been found exclusively associated with Ectocarpus. However, related sequences (>= 97% identity) have also been detected free-living and in a Fucus vesiculosus microbiome barcoding project, indicating that the candidate genus "Phaeomarinobacter" may comprise several species, which may colonize different niches.

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Dittami Simon M., Barbeyron Tristan, Boyen Catherine, Cambefort Jeanne, Collet Guillaume, Delage Ludovic, Gobet Angelique, Groisillier Agnes, Leblanc Catherine, Michel Gurvan, Scornet Delphine, Siegel Anne, Tapia Javier E., Tonon Thierry (2014). Genome and metabolic network of "Candidatus Phaeomarinobacter ectocarpi" Ec32, a new candidate genus of Alphaproteobacteria frequently associated with brown algae. Frontiers In Genetics, 5(241), 13p. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2014.00241 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00488/59944/