From no whinge scenarios to viability tree

Type Article
Date 2019-09
Language English
Author(s) Doyen L.1, Armstrong C.2, Baumgärtner S.3, Béné Christophe4, Blanchard FabianORCID5, Cissé Abdoul5, Cooper Rachel1, Dutra L.X.C.6, 10, Eide A.2, 9, 13, 14, Freitas D.7, Gourguet SophieORCID9, 10, Gusmao F.8, Hardy P.-Y.1, Jarre A.6, Little L.R.11, Macher ClaireORCID10, Quaas M.12, Regnier E.1, 10, Sanz N.5, 15, Thébaud OlivierORCID9, 10
Affiliation(s) 1 : GREThA, CNRS, University of Bordeaux, Pessac, France
2 : UiT, Norwegian College of Fishery Science, University Tromsoe, Tromsoe, Norway
3 : Environmental Economics and Resource Management, University of Friburg, Germany
4 : CIAT, Decision and Policy Analysis Program, Cali, Colombia
5 : LEEISA, UMR IFREMER-CNRS-University of Cayenne, French Guiana, France
6 : MARE Institute, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
7 : State University of São Paulo, UNESP, Coastal Campus, Sao Vicente, Brazil
8 : FAPESP & Instituto do Mar, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Santos, Brazil
9 : CSIRO, Oceans and Atmosphere, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
10 : IFREMER, UMR AMURE, Département d'Economie Maritime, Plouzané, France
11 : CSIRO, Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart, TAS, Australia
12 : Department of Economics and iDiv, University of Leipzig, Germany
13 : School of Marine Studies, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji Islands
14 : Centre for Marine Socioecology, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia
Source Ecological Economics (0921-8009) (Elsevier BV), 2019-09 , Vol. 163 , P. 183-188
DOI 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019.04.011
WOS© Times Cited 8
Keyword(s) Minimal whinge, Safe operating space, Scenarios, Ecological economics, Modeling, Sustainability, Viability kernel

Avoiding whinges from various and potentially conflicting stakeholders is a major challenge for sustainable development and for the identification of sustainability scenarios or policies for biodiversity and ecosystem services. It turns out that independently complying with whinge thresholds and constraints of these stakeholders is not sufficient because dynamic ecological-economic interactions and uncertainties occur. Thus more demanding no whinge standards are needed. In this paper, we first argue that these new boundaries can be endogenously exhibited with the mathematical concepts of viability kernel and viable controls. Second, it is shown how these no whinge kernels have components, such as harvesting of resources, that should remain within safe corridor while some other components, in particular biodiversity, have only lower conservation limits. Thus, using radar charts, we show how this no whinge kernels can take the shape of a tree that we name viability tree. These trees of viability capture the idea that the unbounded renewal potential of biodiversity combined with a bounded use of the different ecosystem services are crucial ingredients for the sustainability of socio-ecosystems and the design of no whinge policies reconciling the different stakeholders involved.

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Doyen L., Armstrong C., Baumgärtner S., Béné Christophe, Blanchard Fabian, Cissé Abdoul, Cooper Rachel, Dutra L.X.C., Eide A., Freitas D., Gourguet Sophie, Gusmao F., Hardy P.-Y., Jarre A., Little L.R., Macher Claire, Quaas M., Regnier E., Sanz N., Thébaud Olivier (2019). From no whinge scenarios to viability tree. Ecological Economics, 163, 183-188. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :