Global spatial risk assessment of sharks under the footprint of fisheries

Type Article
Date 2019-08
Language English
Author(s) Queiroz NunoORCID1, 2, Humphries Nicolas E.2, Couto Ana1, Vedor Marisa1, 3, Da Costa Ivo1, Sequeira Ana M. M.4, 5, Mucientes Gonzalo1, Santos Antonio M1, 3, Abascal Francisco J.6, Abercrombie Debra L.7, Abrantes Katya8, Acuna-Marrero David9, Afonso Andre S.10, 11, Afonso Pedro12, 13, 14, Anders Darrell15, Araujo Gonzalo16, Arauz Randall17, 18, 19, Bach Pascal20, 113, Barnett Adam8, Bernal Diego21, Berumen Michael L.22, Lion Sandra Bessudo19, 23, Bezerra Natalia P. A.10, Blaison Antonin V.20, 113, Block Barbara A.24, Bond Mark E.25, Bonfil Ramon26, Bradford Russell W.27, Braun Camrin D.28, Brooks Edward J.29, Brooks Annabelle29, 30, Brown Judith31, Bruce Barry D.27, Byrne Michael E.32, 33, Campana Steven E.34, Carlisle Aaron B.35, Chapman Demian D.25, Chapple Taylor K.24, Chisholm John36, Clarke Christopher R.37, Clua Eric G.38, Cochran Jesse E. M.22, Crochelet Estelle C.39, 40, Dagorn Laurent20, 113, Daly Ryan41, 42, Cortes Daniel Devia43, Doyle Thomas K.44, 45, Drew Michael46, Duffy Clinton A. J.47, Erikson Thor48, Espinoza Eduardo19, 49, Ferreira Luciana C.50, Ferretti Francesco24, Filmalter John D.20, 42, 113, Fischer G. Chris51, Fitzpatrick Richard8, Fontes Jorge12, 13, 14, Forget Fabien20, 113, Fowler Mark52, Francis Malcolm P.53, Gallagher Austin J.54, 55, Gennari Enrico42, 56, 57, Goldsworthy Simon D.58, Gollock Matthew J.59, Green Jonathan R.60, Gustafson Johan A.61, Guttridge Tristan L.62, Guzman Hector M.63, Hammerschlag Neil55, 64, Harman Luke44, Hazin Fabio H. V.10, Heard Matthew46, Hearn Alex R.19, 65, 66, Holdsworth John C.67, Holmes Bonnie J.68, Howey Lucy A.69, Hoyos Mauricio19, 70, Hueter Robert E.71, Hussey Nigel E.72, Huveneers Charlie46, Irion Dylan T.73, Jacoby David M. P.74, Jewell Oliver J. D.75, 76, Johnson Ryan77, Jordan Lance K. B.69, Jorgensen Salvador J.78, Joyce Warren52, Daly Clare A. Keating41, Ketchum James T.19, 70, Klimley A. Peter19, 79, Kock Alison A.42, 80, 81, 82, Koen Pieter83, Ladino Felipe23, Lana Fernanda O.84, Lea James S. E.37, 85, Llewellyn Fiona59, Lyon Warrick S.53, Macdonnell Anna52, Macena Bruno C. L.10, 13, Marshall Heather21, 86, McAllister Jaime D.87, McAuley Rory88, 89, Meyer Michael A.15, Morris John J.71, Nelson Emily R.55, Papastamatiou Yannis P.25, Patterson Toby A.27, Penaherrera-Palma Cesar19, 90, Pepperell Julian G.91, Pierce Simon J.92, Poisson Francois20, Quintero Lina Maria23, Richardson Andrew J.93, Rogers Paul J.58, Rohner Christoph A.92, Rowat David R. L.94, Samoilys Melita95, Semmens Jayson M.87, Sheaves Marcus8, Shillinger George19, 24, 96, 98, Shivji Mahmood32, Singh Sarika15, Skomal Gregory B.36, Smale Malcolm J.97, 98, Snyders Laurenne B.15, Soler German19, 23, 87, Soria Marc20, 113, Stehfest Kilian M.87, Stevens John D.27, Thorrold Simon R.99, Tolotti Mariana T.20, 113, Towner Alison57, 76, Travassos Paulo10, Tyminski John P.71, Vandeperre Frederic12, 13, 14, Vaudo Jeremy J.32, Watanabe Yuuki Y.100, 101, Weber Sam B.102, Wetherbee Bradley M.32, 103, White Timothy D.24, Williams Sean29, Zarate Patricia M.19, 104, Harcourt Robert105, Hays Graeme C.106, Meekan Mark G.50, Thums Michele50, Irigoien Xabier107, 108, Eguiluz Victor M.109, Duarte Carlos M.ORCID22, Sousa Lara L.2, 110, Simpson Samantha J.2, 111, Southall Emily J.2, Sims David W.2, 111, 112
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Porto, Campus Agr Vairao, Res Network Biodivers & Evolutionary Biol, Ctr Invest Biodiversidade & Recursos Genet, Vairao, Portugal.
2 : Marine Biol Assoc UK, Plymouth, Devon, England.
3 : Univ Porto, Fac Ciencias, Dept Biol, Porto, Portugal.
4 : Univ Western Australia, Indian Ocean Marine Res Ctr, UWA Oceans Inst, Crawley, WA, Australia.
5 : Univ Western Australia, Sch Biol Sci, Crawley, WA, Australia.
6 : Spanish Inst Oceanog, Santa Cruz De Tenerife, Spain.
7 : Port Jefferson Stn, Abercrombie & Fish, Jefferson, NY USA.
8 : James Cook Univ, Coll Sci & Engn, Marine Biol & Aquaculture Unit, Cairns, Qld, Australia.
9 : Massey Univ, Sch Nat & Computat Sci, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
10 : Univ Fed Rural Pernambuco UFRPE, Dept Pesca & Aquicultura, Recife, PE, Brazil.
11 : Inst Politecn Leiria, Marine & Environm Sci Ctr, MARE, Peniche, Portugal.
12 : Univ Lisbon, Fac Ciencias, Lab Maritimo Guia, MARE, Cascais, Portugal.
13 : Univ Acores, Dept Oceanog & Pescas, Inst Marine Res IMAR, Horta, Portugal.
14 : Univ Acores, Dept Oceanogr & Pescas, Okeanos, Horta, Portugal.
15 : Oceans & Coasts Res, Dept Environm Affairs, Cape Town, South Africa.
16 : Large Marine Vertebrates Res Inst Philippines, Jagna, Philippines.
17 : Fins Attached Marine Res & Conservat, Colorado Springs, CO USA.
18 : Programa Restaurac Tortugas Marinas PRETOMA, San Jose, Costa Rica.
19 : MigraMar, Olema, CA USA.
20 : Univ Montpellier, CNRS, IFREMER, IRD,UMR MARBEC, Sete, France.
21 : Univ Massachusetts, Biol Dept, Dartmouth, MA USA.
22 : King Abdullah Univ Sci & Technol, Div Biol & Environm Sci & Engn, Red Sea Res Ctr, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia.
23 : Fdn Malpelo & Otros Ecosistemas Marinos, Bogota, Colombia.
24 : Stanford Univ, Hopkins Marine Stn, Pacific Grove, CA 93950 USA.
25 : Florida Int Univ, Dept Biol Sci, N Miami, FL USA.
26 : Oceanos Vivientes, Mexico City, DF, Mexico.
27 : CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
28 : MIT, Woods Hole Oceanog Inst, Joint Program Oceanog Appl Ocean Sci & Engn, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA.
29 : Cape Eleuthera Inst, Shark Res & Conservat Program, Eleuthera, Bahamas.
30 : Univ Exeter, Exeter, Devon, England.
31 : South Atlantic Environm Res Inst, Stanley, Falkland Island.
32 : Nova Southeastern Univ, Guy Harvey Res Inst, Dept Biol Sci, Dania, FL USA.
33 : Univ Missouri, Sch Nat Resources, Columbia, MO USA.
34 : Univ Iceland, Life & Environm Sci, Reykjavik, Iceland.
35 : Univ Delaware, Sch Marine Sci & Policy, Lewes, DE 19958 USA.
36 : Massachusetts Div Marine Fisheries, New Bedford, MA USA.
37 : Marine Res Facil, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
38 : UPVD, CNRS, USR3278, EPHE,PSL,Labex CORAIL,CRIOBE, Papetoai, French Polynesi, France.
39 : Agence Rech Biodiversite Reun ARBRE, Marseille, France.
40 : Inst Rech Dev, ESPACE DEV, UMR 228, Marseille, France.
41 : SOSF, DRC, Geneva, Switzerland.
42 : SAIAB, Grahamstown, South Africa.
43 : Inst Fomento Pesquero IFOP, Fisheries Res Div, Dept Fisheries Evaluat, Valparaiso, Chile.
44 : Univ Coll Cork, Sch Biol Earth & Environm Sci, Cork, Ireland.
45 : Univ Coll Cork, Environm Res Inst, MaREI Ctr, Cork, Ireland.
46 : Flinders Univ S Australia, Coll Sci & Engn, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
47 : Dept Conservat, Auckland, New Zealand.
48 : SAIAB, Geol Sci, Durban, South Africa.
49 : Direcc Parque Nacl Galapagos, Puerto Ayora, Ecuador.
50 : Indian Ocean Marine Res Ctr UWA, Australian Inst Marine Sci, Crawley, WA, Australia.
51 : OCEARCH, Park City, UT USA.
52 : Bedford Inst Oceanog, Dartmouth, NS, Canada.
53 : Natl Inst Water & Atmospher Res, Wellington, New Zealand.
54 : Beneath Waves, Herndon, VA USA.
55 : Univ Miami, Rosenstiel Sch Marine & Atmospher Sci, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, FL 33149 USA.
56 : Oceans Res, Mossel Bay, South Africa.
57 : Rhodes Univ, Dept Ichthyol & Fisheries Sci, Grahamstown, South Africa.
58 : SARDI Aquat Sci, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
59 : Zool Soc London, London, England.
60 : Galapagos Whale Shark Project, Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islan, Ecuador.
61 : Griffith Univ, Sch Engn, Griffith Ctr Coastal Management, Gold Coast, Qld, Australia.
62 : Bimini Biol Field Stn, South Bimini, Bahamas.
63 : Smithsonian Trop Res, Panama City, Panama.
64 : Univ Miami, Leonard & Jayne Abess Ctr Ecosyst Sci & Policy, Coral Gables, FL 33124 USA.
65 : Galapagos Sci Ctr, San Cristobal, Ecuador.
66 : Univ San Francisco Quito, Quito, Ecuador.
67 : Blue Water Marine Res, Tutukaka, New Zealand.
68 : Univ Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.
69 : Microwave Telemetry, Columbia, MD USA.
70 : Pelagios Kakunja, La Paz, Mexico.
71 : Mote Marine Lab, Ctr Shark Res, Sarasota, FL 34236 USA.
72 : Univ Windsor, Biol Sci, Windsor, ON, Canada.
73 : Cape Res & Div Dev, Simonstown, South Africa.
74 : Zool Soc London, Inst Zool, London, England.
75 : Murdoch Univ, Harry Butler Inst, Ctr Sustainable Aquat Ecosyst, Perth, WA, Australia.
76 : Dyer Isl Conservat Trust, Kleinbaai, South Africa.
77 : Blue Wilderness Res Unit, Scottburgh, South Africa.
78 : Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey, CA USA.
79 : Univ Calif Davis, Davis, CA 95616 USA.
80 : South African Natl Parks, Cape Res Ctr, Steenberg, South Africa.
81 : Shark Spotters, Fish Hoek, South Africa.
82 : Univ Cape Town, Dept Biol Sci, Inst Communities & Wildlife Africa, Cape Town, South Africa.
83 : Western Cape Dept Agr, Vet Serv, Elsenburg, South Africa.
84 : Univ Fed Fluminense, Dept Biol Marinha, Niteroi, RJ, Brazil.
85 : Univ Cambridge, Dept Zool, Cambridge, England.
86 : Atlantic White Shark Conservancy, Chatham, MA USA.
87 : Univ Tasmania, Inst Marine & Antarct Studies, Fisheries & Aquaculture Ctr, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
88 : Govt Western Australia, Dept Fisheries, Perth, WA, Australia.
89 : Flourishing Oceans Initiat, Minderoo Fdn, Perth, WA, Australia.
90 : Pontificia Univ Catolica Ecuador Sede Manabi, Portoviejo, Ecuador.
91 : Pepperell Res & Consulting, Noosa, Qld, Australia.
92 : Marine Megafauna Fdn, Truckee, CA USA.
93 : Ascens Isl Govt, Conservat & Fisheries Dept, Georgetown, Ascension Islan.
94 : Marine Conservat Soc Seychelles, Victoria, Seychelles.
95 : CORDIO, Mombasa, Kenya.
96 : Upwell, Monterey, CA USA.
97 : Nelson Mandela Univ, Dept Zool, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
98 : Nelson Mandela Univ, Inst Coastal & Marine Res, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
99 : Woods Hole Oceanog Inst, Dept Biol, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA.
100 : Natl Inst Polar Res, Tachikawa, Tokyo, Japan.
101 : Grad Univ Adv Studies, SOKENDAI, Dept Polar Sci, Tachikawa, Tokyo, Japan.
102 : Univ Exeter, Ctr Ecol & Conservat, Penryn, England.
103 : Univ Rhode Isl, Dept Biol Sci, Kingston, RI 02881 USA.
104 : Inst Fomento Pesquero IFOP, Fisheries Res Div, Dept Oceanog & Environm, Valparaiso, Chile.
105 : Macquarie Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
106 : Deakin Univ, Sch Life & Environm Sci, Geelong, Vic, Australia.
107 : AZTI Marine Res, Pasaia, Spain.
108 : Basque Fdn Sci, IKERBASQUE, Bilbao, Spain.
109 : Univ Balearic Isl, CSIC, Inst Fis Interdisciplinar & Sistemas Complejos, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
110 : Univ Oxford, Dept Zool, Wildlife Conservat Res Unit, Tubney, England.
111 : Univ Southampton, Natl Oceanog Ctr Southampton, Ocean & Earth Sci, Southampton, Hants, England.
112 : Univ Southampton, Ctr Biol Sci, Southampton, Hants, England.
Source Nature (0028-0836) (Nature Publishing Group), 2019-08 , Vol. 572 , N. 7770 , P. 461-466
DOI 10.1038/s41586-019-1444-4
WOS© Times Cited 93
Abstract

Effective ocean management and the conservation of highly migratory species depend on resolving the overlap between animal movements and distributions, and fishing effort. However, this information is lacking at a global scale. Here we show, using a big-data approach that combines satellite-tracked movements of pelagic sharks and global fishing fleets, that 24% of the mean monthly space used by sharks falls under the footprint of pelagic longline fisheries. Space-use hotspots of commercially valuable sharks and of internationally protected species had the highest overlap with longlines (up to 76% and 64%, respectively), and were also associated with significant increases in fishing effort. We conclude that pelagic sharks have limited spatial refuge from current levels of fishing effort in marine areas beyond national jurisdictions (the high seas). Our results demonstrate an urgent need for conservation and management measures at high-seas hotspots of shark space use, and highlight the potential of simultaneous satellite surveillance of megafauna and fishers as a tool for near-real-time, dynamic management.

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Queiroz Nuno, Humphries Nicolas E., Couto Ana, Vedor Marisa, Da Costa Ivo, Sequeira Ana M. M., Mucientes Gonzalo, Santos Antonio M, Abascal Francisco J., Abercrombie Debra L., Abrantes Katya, Acuna-Marrero David, Afonso Andre S., Afonso Pedro, Anders Darrell, Araujo Gonzalo, Arauz Randall, Bach Pascal, Barnett Adam, Bernal Diego, Berumen Michael L., Lion Sandra Bessudo, Bezerra Natalia P. A., Blaison Antonin V., Block Barbara A., Bond Mark E., Bonfil Ramon, Bradford Russell W., Braun Camrin D., Brooks Edward J., Brooks Annabelle, Brown Judith, Bruce Barry D., Byrne Michael E., Campana Steven E., Carlisle Aaron B., Chapman Demian D., Chapple Taylor K., Chisholm John, Clarke Christopher R., Clua Eric G., Cochran Jesse E. M., Crochelet Estelle C., Dagorn Laurent, Daly Ryan, Cortes Daniel Devia, Doyle Thomas K., Drew Michael, Duffy Clinton A. J., Erikson Thor, Espinoza Eduardo, Ferreira Luciana C., Ferretti Francesco, Filmalter John D., Fischer G. Chris, Fitzpatrick Richard, Fontes Jorge, Forget Fabien, Fowler Mark, Francis Malcolm P., Gallagher Austin J., Gennari Enrico, Goldsworthy Simon D., Gollock Matthew J., Green Jonathan R., Gustafson Johan A., Guttridge Tristan L., Guzman Hector M., Hammerschlag Neil, Harman Luke, Hazin Fabio H. V., Heard Matthew, Hearn Alex R., Holdsworth John C., Holmes Bonnie J., Howey Lucy A., Hoyos Mauricio, Hueter Robert E., Hussey Nigel E., Huveneers Charlie, Irion Dylan T., Jacoby David M. P., Jewell Oliver J. D., Johnson Ryan, Jordan Lance K. B., Jorgensen Salvador J., Joyce Warren, Daly Clare A. Keating, Ketchum James T., Klimley A. Peter, Kock Alison A., Koen Pieter, Ladino Felipe, Lana Fernanda O., Lea James S. E., Llewellyn Fiona, Lyon Warrick S., Macdonnell Anna, Macena Bruno C. L., Marshall Heather, McAllister Jaime D., McAuley Rory, Meyer Michael A., Morris John J., Nelson Emily R., Papastamatiou Yannis P., Patterson Toby A., Penaherrera-Palma Cesar, Pepperell Julian G., Pierce Simon J., Poisson Francois, Quintero Lina Maria, Richardson Andrew J., Rogers Paul J., Rohner Christoph A., Rowat David R. L., Samoilys Melita, Semmens Jayson M., Sheaves Marcus, Shillinger George, Shivji Mahmood, Singh Sarika, Skomal Gregory B., Smale Malcolm J., Snyders Laurenne B., Soler German, Soria Marc, Stehfest Kilian M., Stevens John D., Thorrold Simon R., Tolotti Mariana T., Towner Alison, Travassos Paulo, Tyminski John P., Vandeperre Frederic, Vaudo Jeremy J., Watanabe Yuuki Y., Weber Sam B., Wetherbee Bradley M., White Timothy D., Williams Sean, Zarate Patricia M., Harcourt Robert, Hays Graeme C., Meekan Mark G., Thums Michele, Irigoien Xabier, Eguiluz Victor M., Duarte Carlos M., Sousa Lara L., Simpson Samantha J., Southall Emily J., Sims David W. (2019). Global spatial risk assessment of sharks under the footprint of fisheries. Nature, 572(7770), 461-466. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1444-4 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00575/68662/