Control Strategies for Floating Offshore Wind Turbine: Challenges and Trends

Type Article
Date 2019-10
Language English
Author(s) Salic Tom1, Charpentier Jean Frédéric1, Benbouzid Mohamed2, 3, Le Boulluec Marc4
Affiliation(s) 1 : Institut de Recherche de l’Ecole Navale (IRENav, EA 3436) French Naval Academy, 29400 Brest, France
2 : Institut de Recherche Dupuy de Lôme (UMR CNRS 6027, IRDL), University of Brest, 29238 Brest, France
3 : Logistics Engineering College, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai 201306, China
4 : IFREMER, Laboratoire Comportement des Structures en Mer BP 70, 29280 Plouzané, France
Source Electronics (2079-9292) (MDPI AG), 2019-10 , Vol. 8 , N. 10 , P. 1185 (14p.)
DOI 10.3390/electronics8101185
WOS© Times Cited 4
Note This article belongs to the Section Systems & Control Engineering
Keyword(s) wind energy, floating offshore wind turbine, control, state of art review
Abstract

The offshore wind resource has huge energy potential. However, wind turbine floating structures have to withstand harsh conditions. Strong wind and wave effects combine to generate vibrations, fatigue, and heavy loads on the structure and other elements of the wind turbine. These structural problems increase maintenance requirements and risk of failure, while reducing availability and energy production. Another challenge for wind energy is to reduce production costs in order to be competitive with other alternatives. From the control point of view, the objective of lowering costs can be achieved by operating the turbine close to its optimum point of operation under partial load, guaranteeing reliability by reducing structural loads and regulating the power generated in strong wind regimes. In this typical and challenging context, this paper proposes a critical state-of-the-art review, discussing challenges and trends on floating offshore wind turbines control.

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