The added value of participatoly modelling in fisheries management - what has been learnt?

Type Article
Date 2012-09
Language English
Author(s) Rockmann Christine1, Ulrich ClaraORCID2, Dreyer Marion3, Bell Ewen4, Borodzicz Edward5, Haapasaari PaiviORCID6, Hauge Kjellrun Hiis7, Howell Daniel7, Mantyniemi SamuORCID6, Miller David1, Tserpes GeorgeORCID8, Pastoors Martin1, 9
Affiliation(s) 1 : IMARES Inst Marine Resources & Ecosyst Studies, NL-1970 AB Ijmuiden, Netherlands.
2 : Tech Univ Denmark, Natl Inst Aquat Resources, DTU Aqua, DK-2920 Charlottenlund, Denmark.
3 : Gemeinnutzige Gesell Kommunikat & Kooperat Forsch, DIALOGIK, D-70176 Stuttgart, Germany.
4 : CEFAS, Lowestoft NR33 0HT, Suffolk, England.
5 : Portsmouth Business Sch, Portsmouth PO1 3DE, Hants, England.
6 : Univ Helsinki, Dept Biol & Environm Sci, Fisheries & Environm Management Grp, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.
7 : Inst Marine Res, Havforskningsinst, N-5817 Bergen, Norway.
8 : Inst Marine Biol Resources, HCMR, Gournes Crete 71500, Greece.
9 : Univ Wageningen & Res Ctr Agora 1, CMP, NL-8934 CJ Leeuwarden, Netherlands.
Source Marine Policy (0308-597X) (Elsevier Sci Ltd), 2012-09 , Vol. 36 , N. 5 , P. 1072-1085
DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2012.02.027
WOS© Times Cited 75
Keyword(s) Participatory modelling, Fisheries management, Uncertainty, Post-normal science, Extended peer review, Problem framing
Abstract

How can uncertain fisheries science be linked with good governance processes, thereby increasing fisheries management legitimacy and effectiveness? Reducing the uncertainties around scientific models has long been perceived as the cure of the fisheries management problem. There is however increasing recognition that uncertainty in the numbers will remain. A lack of transparency with respect to these uncertainties can damage the credibility of science. The EU Commission's proposal for a reformed Common Fisheries Policy calls for more self-management for the fishing industry by increasing fishers' involvement in the planning and execution of policies and boosting the role of fishers' organisations. One way of higher transparency and improved participation is to include stakeholders in the modelling process itself. The JAKFISH project (Judgment And Knowledge in Fisheries Involving StakeHolders) invited fisheries stakeholders to participate in the process of framing the management problem, and to give input and evaluate the scientific models that are used to provide fisheries management advice. JAKFISH investigated various tools to assess and communicate uncertainty around fish stock assessments and fisheries management. Here, a synthesis is presented of the participatory work carried out in four European fishery case studies (Western Baltic herring, North Sea Nephrops, Central Baltic Herring and Mediterranean swordfish), focussing on the uncertainty tools used, the stakeholders' responses to these, and the lessons learnt. It is concluded that participatory modelling has the potential to facilitate and structure discussions between scientists and stakeholders about uncertainties and the quality of the knowledge base. It can also contribute to collective learning, increase legitimacy, and advance scientific understanding. However, when approaching real-life situations, modelling should not be seen as the priority objective. Rather, the crucial step in a science-stakeholder collaboration is the joint problem framing in an open, transparent way.

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Rockmann Christine, Ulrich Clara, Dreyer Marion, Bell Ewen, Borodzicz Edward, Haapasaari Paivi, Hauge Kjellrun Hiis, Howell Daniel, Mantyniemi Samu, Miller David, Tserpes George, Pastoors Martin (2012). The added value of participatoly modelling in fisheries management - what has been learnt? Marine Policy, 36(5), 1072-1085. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2012.02.027 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00589/70104/