||Monaco Cristian2, Brokordt Katherina B.1, Gaymer Carlos F.1, 2
||1 : Univ Catolica Norte, CEAZA, Coquimbo, Chile.
2 : Univ Catolica Norte, Dept Marine Biol, Coquimbo, Chile.
||Aquatic Biology (1864-7790) (Inter-research), 2010 , Vol. 9 , N. 1 , P. 23-33
|WOS© Times Cited
||Cost of living, Latitudinal thermal gradient, Body size, Reproductive capacity, Metabolic rate, Crabs, Petrolisthes granulosus, Rocky intertidal
||Species with wide latitudinal distributions are exposed to significant abiotic gradients throughout their geographic range. Thermal gradients are especially important for ectothermic species inhabiting the intertidal zone because they affect their life history traits and fitness. In order to identify the role of latitudinal thermal gradients (specifically the exposition to different thermal maximums) in the cost of living of intertidal crustaceans, we compared specific fitness-related traits, such as body size and reproductive capacity (reproductive output, size at onset of sexual maturity and egg volume) in Petrolisthes granulosus individuals from 3 sites across an extensive latitudinal gradient (covering similar to 50% of its total distributional range): Iquique (20 degrees 16' 12 '' S), Coquimbo (30 degrees 04' 12 '' S) and Concepcion (36 degrees 40' 45 '' S). Furthermore, metabolic rate experiments were conducted to assess the energetic cost associated with high temperatures encountered in P. granulosus habitats. We observed that the southernmost population (Concepcion) had a larger body size and presented larger size classes that did not exist in northerly populations. The latitudinal trend shown by growth and reproductive capacity traits was negatively linked to the associated thermal gradient. However, no differences were found in the relationship between energetic cost (in terms of metabolic rate) and temperatures experienced by P. granulosus. Thus, the patterns of body size and reproductive capacity observed for P. granulosus could not be explained by differences in energetic costs generated by the different thermal regimes of the study sites. Further studies should consider other environmental (e.g. quantity and quality of available food) and/or genetic factors that may be influencing the latitudinal patterns observed for body size and reproductive output in P. granulosus.
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