Strong fisheries management and governance positively impact ecosystem status
|Author(s)||Bundy Alida1, Chuenpagdee Ratana2, Boldt Jennifer L.3, Borges Maria De Fatima4, Camara Mohamed Lamine5, Coll Marta6, 7, 8, 9, Diallo Ibrahima5, Fox Clive10, Fulton Elizabeth A.11, 12, Gazihan Ayse13, Jarre Astrid8, 9, Jouffre Didier14, 15, Kleisner Kristin M.16, 30, Knight Ben17, Link Jason18, Matiku Patroba P.19, Masski Hicham20, Moutopoulos Dimitrios K.21, Piroddi Chiara7, Raid Tut22, Sobrino Ignacio23, Tam Jorge24, Thiao Djiga25, Angeles Torres Maria23, 26, 31, Tsagarakis Konstantinos27, Van Der Meeren Gro I.28, 29, Shin Yunne-Jai6, 13|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Bedford Inst Oceanog, POB 1006, Dartmouth, NS B2Y 4A2, Canada.
2 : Mem Univ, St John, NF A1B 3X9, Canada.
3 : Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Pacific Biol Stn, 3190 Hammond Bay Rd, Nanaimo, BC V9T 6N7, Canada.
4 : Inst Portugues Mar & Atmosfera, Ave Brasilia, P-1449006 Lisbon, Portugal.
5 : CNSHB, 814 Rue MA 500,Corniche Sud,BP 3738, Boussoura Port, Conakry, Guinea.
6 : Inst Rech Developpement, UMR MARBEC 248, CRH, Ave Jean Monnet,CS 30171, F-34203 Sete, France.
7 : Inst Ciencies Mar CMIMA CSIC, P Maritim Barceloneta, 37-49, Barcelona 08003, Spain.
8 : Univ Cape Town, Marine Res Inst, Private Bag X3,Rondebosch, ZA-7701 Cape Town, South Africa.
9 : Univ Cape Town, Dept Biol Sci, Private Bag X3,Rondebosch, ZA-7701 Cape Town, South Africa.
10 : Scottish Assoc Marine Sci, Oban PA371QA, Argyll, Scotland.
11 : CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia.
12 : Univ Tasmania, Ctr Marine Socioecol, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia.
13 : Middle East Tech Univ, Inst Marine Sci, POB 28, TR-33731 Erdemli, Turkey.
14 : Inst Rech Developpement, UMR MARBEC, BP 1386, Dakar, Senegal.
15 : Campus Univ UCAD, Inst Fondamental Afr Noire, Lab Biol & Ecol Poissons Afr Ouest LABEP AO, BP 206, Dakar, Senegal.
16 : Univ British Columbia, Fisheries Ctr, Sea Around Us Project, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.
17 : Cawthron Inst, 98 Halifax St East Nelson 7010,Private Bag 2, Nelson 7042, New Zealand.
18 : NOAA, Fisheries, 166 Water St, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA.
19 : Tanzania Fisheries Res Inst TAFIRI, POB 9750, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania.
20 : Inst Natl Rech Halieut, Bd Sidi Abderrahmane, Casablanca 20000, Morocco.
21 : Educ Inst Western Greece, Dept Fisheries Aquaculture Technol, Mesolonghi 30200, Greece.
22 : Univ Tartu, Estonian Marine Inst, Maealuse 14, EE-12618 Tallinn, Estonia.
23 : Inst Espanol Oceanografia, Ctr Oceanograf Cadiz, Puerto Pesquero Muelle Levante, Muelle Levante S-N, Cadiz 11006, Spain.
24 : Inst Mar Peru IMARPE, Esquina Gamarra & Gral, Valle S-N,Apartado 22, Lima, Peru.
25 : Ctr Rec Oceanograph Dakar Thiaroye, BP 2241, Dakar, Senegal.
26 : Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Aquat Resources, Inst Coastal Res, Skolgatan 6, SE-74242 Oregrund, Sweden.
27 : Hellen Ctr Marine Res, Inst Marine Biol Resources & Inland Waters, 46-7 km Athens Sounio Ave, Athens 19013, Greece.
28 : Inst Marine Sci, IMBER, PB 1870 Nordnes, NO-5817 Bergen, Norway.
29 : Hjort Ctr Marine Ecosyst Dynam, PB 1870 Nordnes, NO-5817 Bergen, Norway.
30 : NOAA, Northeast Fisheries Sci Ctr, 166 Water St, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA.
31 : Univ Algarve, Ctr Ciencias Mar CCMAR, P-8005139 Faro, Portugal.
|Source||Fish And Fisheries (1467-2960) (Wiley), 2017-05 , Vol. 18 , N. 3 , P. 412-439|
|WOS© Times Cited||31|
|Keyword(s)||Ecological indicator, ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM), expert evaluation, fisheries governance quality, fisheries management effectiveness, socioeconomic indicators|
|Abstract||Fisheries have had major negative impacts on marine ecosystems, and effective fisheries management and governance are needed to achieve sustainable fisheries, biodiversity conservation goals and thus good ecosystem status. To date, the IndiSeas programme (Indicators for the Seas) has focussed on assessing the ecological impacts of fishing at the ecosystem scale using ecological indicators. Here, we explore fisheries Management Effectiveness' and Governance Quality' and relate this to ecosystem health and status. We developed a dedicated expert survey, focused at the ecosystem level, with a series of questions addressing aspects of management and governance, from an ecosystem-based perspective, using objective and evidence-based criteria. The survey was completed by ecosystem experts (managers and scientists) and results analysed using ranking and multivariate methods. Results were further examined for selected ecosystems, using expert knowledge, to explore the overall findings in greater depth. Higher scores for Management Effectiveness' and Governance Quality' were significantly and positively related to ecosystems with better ecological status. Key factors that point to success in delivering fisheries and conservation objectives were as follows: the use of reference points for management, frequent review of stock assessments, whether Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) catches were being accounted for and addressed, and the inclusion of stakeholders. Additionally, we found that the implementation of a long-term management plan, including economic and social dimensions of fisheries in exploited ecosystems, was a key factor in successful, sustainable fisheries management. Our results support the thesis that good ecosystem-based management and governance, sustainable fisheries and healthy ecosystems go together.|