Silicon utilization by sponges: an assessment of seasonal changes

Type Article
Date 2018-10
Language English
Author(s) Lopez-Acosta Maria1, Leynaert Aude2, Coquille Valerie2, Maldonado ManuelORCID1
Affiliation(s) 1 : CSIC, CEAB, Dept Marine Ecol, Blanes 17300, Girona, Spain.
2 : Inst Univ Europeen Mer, UMR 6539, Lab Sci Environm Marin, Technopole Brest Iroise, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
Source Marine Ecology Progress Series (0171-8630) (Inter-research), 2018-10 , Vol. 605 , P. 111-123
DOI 10.3354/meps12752
WOS© Times Cited 4
Keyword(s) Silicic acid, Silicon consumption kinetics, Siliceous sponges, Seasonal variability

Awareness that sponges are relevant silicic acid (DSi) users is growing; however, understanding how their DSi consumption kinetics perform is still limited. We investigated the effects that seasonal changes in a temperate ecosystem (Bay of Brest, France) have on the DSi consumption of 2 dominant sponge species: Hymeniacidon perlevis and Tethya citrina. The results indicated that while both species increased their rate of DSi utilization with DSi availability following saturable Michaelis-Menten kinetics, only the kinetics of T. citrina shifted seasonally. This species consumed DSi at a higher rate in autumn than in summer. Surprisingly, the increase in DSi utilization did not involve an increase in net affinity for DSi but rather augmentation of both the half-saturation concentration and the maximum velocity of transport characterizing the kinetics. By quantifying the biomass of the 2 sponge species in the bay and the monthly availability of DSi over an annual cycle, a yearly DSi consumption of 2.50 +/- 3.21 x 10(6) mol Si was calculated for their populations. The oversight of the seasonal kinetic change would introduce inaccuracies of 10% into the global DSi consumption budget of the bay. Because the seasonal kinetic differences increased enormously with increasing DSi availability, the relevance of the kinetic shift into the budgets could increase to >30% for sponge assemblages other than those in the bay whenever they are characterized by higher DSi availability, as is typically occurring at high latitudes and in the deep sea.

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