Linking Capacity Development to GOOS Monitoring Networks to Achieve Sustained Ocean Observation

Type Article
Date 2018-09
Language English
Author(s) Bax Nicholas J.1, 2, Appeltans Ward3, Brainard Russell4, Duffy J. Emmett5, Dunstan Piers2, Hanich Quentin6, Davies Harriet Harden6, Hills Jeremy7, Miloslavich Patricia1, 8, Muller-Karger Frank Edgar9, Simmons Samantha10, Aburto-Oropeza O.11, Batten Sonia12, Benedetti-Cecchi LisandroORCID13, Checkley David11, Chiba Sanae14, Fischer Albert15, Garcia Melissa Andersen4, Gunn John16, Klein Eduardo8, Kudela Raphael M.17, Marsac Francis18, 19, Obura David20, Shin Yunne-Jai18, 19, Sloyan BernadetteORCID2, Tanhua Toste21, Wilkin John22
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Tasmania, IMAS, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
2 : CSIRO, Oceans & Atmosphere, Canberra, ACT, Australia.
3 : United Nations Educ Sci & Cultural Org, Int Oceanog Data & Informat Exchange, Oostende, Belgium.
4 : NOAA, Silver Spring, MD USA.
5 : Smithsonian Inst, Smithsonian Marine Stn, Ft Pierce, FL USA.
6 : Univ Wollongong, Australian Natl Ctr Ocean Resources & Secur ANCOR, Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
7 : Univ South Pacific, Fac Sci Technol & Environm, Suva, Fiji.
8 : Univ Simon Bolivar, Dept Estudios Ambientales, Caracas, Venezuela.
9 : Univ S Florida, Coll Marine Sci, Tampa, FL USA.
10 : Marine Mammal Commiss, Bethesda, MD USA.
11 : Univ Calif San Diego, SCRIPPS Inst Oceanog, San Diego, CA 92103 USA.
12 : SAFHOS, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
13 : Univ Pisa, Dipartimento Biol, Pisa, Italy.
14 : Japan Agcy Marine Earth Sci & Technol, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Japan.
15 : United Nations Educ Sci & Cultural Org, Paris, France.
16 : Australian Inst Marine Sci, Crawley, WA, Australia.
17 : Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Ocean Sci Dept, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.
18 : Univ Montpellier, UMR MARBEC, IRD, Montpellier, France.
19 : Univ Cape Town, Marine Res Inst, Dept Biol Sci, Cape Town, South Africa.
20 : Coastal Oceans Res & Dev Indian Ocean, Mombasa, Kenya.
21 : GEOMAR Helmholtz Zentrum Ozeanforsch Kiel, Helmholtz Gemeinschaft Deutsch Forschungszentrum, Kiel, Germany.
22 : Rutgers State Univ, State Univ New Jersey, Inst Marine & Coastal Sci, Brunswick, NJ USA.
Source Frontiers In Marine Science (2296-7745) (Frontiers Media Sa), 2018-09 , Vol. 5 , P. 346 (8p.)
DOI 10.3389/fmars.2018.00346
WOS© Times Cited 35
Keyword(s) capacity development, technology transfer, global ocean observing system, GOOS, monitoring, essential ocean variables, international reporting, SDG14

Developing enduring capacity to monitor ocean life requires investing in people and their institutions to build infrastructure, ownership, and long-term support networks. International initiatives can enhance access to scientific data, tools and methodologies, and develop local expertise to use them, but without ongoing engagement may fail to have lasting benefit. Linking capacity development and technology transfer to sustained ocean monitoring is a win-win proposition. Trained local experts will benefit from joining global communities of experts who are building the comprehensive Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS). This two-way exchange will benefit scientists and policy makers in developing and developed countries. The first step toward the GOOS is complete: identification of an initial set of biological Essential Ocean Variables (EOVs) that incorporate the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) Essential Biological Variables (EBVs), and link to the physical and biogeochemical EOVs. EOVs provide a globally consistent approach to monitoring where the costs of monitoring oceans can be shared and where capacity and expertise can be transferred globally. Integrating monitoring with existing international reporting and policy development connects ocean observations with agreements underlying many countries' commitments and obligations, including under SDG 14, thus catalyzing progress toward sustained use of the ocean. Combining scientific expertise with international capacity development initiatives can help meet the need of developing countries to engage in the agreed United Nations (UN) initiatives including new negotiations for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction, and the needs of the global community to understand how the ocean is changing.

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Bax Nicholas J., Appeltans Ward, Brainard Russell, Duffy J. Emmett, Dunstan Piers, Hanich Quentin, Davies Harriet Harden, Hills Jeremy, Miloslavich Patricia, Muller-Karger Frank Edgar, Simmons Samantha, Aburto-Oropeza O., Batten Sonia, Benedetti-Cecchi Lisandro, Checkley David, Chiba Sanae, Fischer Albert, Garcia Melissa Andersen, Gunn John, Klein Eduardo, Kudela Raphael M., Marsac Francis, Obura David, Shin Yunne-Jai, Sloyan Bernadette, Tanhua Toste, Wilkin John (2018). Linking Capacity Development to GOOS Monitoring Networks to Achieve Sustained Ocean Observation. Frontiers In Marine Science, 5, 346 (8p.). Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :