Meiofaunal communities and nematode diversity characterizing the Secca delle Fumose shallow vent area (Gulf of Naples, Italy)

Type Article
Date 2020-05
Language English
Author(s) Baldrighi Elisa1, 2, Zeppilli DanielaORCID2, Appolloni Luca3, 4, Donnarumma Luigia3, 4, Chianese Elena3, Russo Giovanni Fulvio3, 4, Sandulli Roberto3, 4
Affiliation(s) 1 : Istituto per le Risorse Biologiche e le Biotecnologie Marine (IRBIM), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Lesina, Italy
2 : Laboratoire Environnement Profond, Institut Français de Recherche pour l’Exploitation de la MER (IFREMER), Plouzané, France
3 : Department of Science and Technology (DiST), Parthenope University of Naples, Naples, Italy
4 : Consorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per le Scienze del Mare (CoNISMa), Rome, Italy
Source Peerj (2167-8359) (PeerJ), 2020-05 , Vol. 8 , P. e9058 (28p.)
DOI 10.7717/peerj.9058
WOS© Times Cited 6
Keyword(s) Secca delle Fumose, Gulf of Naples, Shallow vent, Meiofauna, Nematode diversity
Abstract

Hydrothermal venting is rather prevalent in many marine areas around the world, and marine shallow vents are relatively abundant in the Mediterranean Sea, especially around Italy. However, investigations focusing on the characterization of meiofaunal organisms inhabiting shallow vent sediments are still scant compared to that on macrofauna. In the present study, we investigated the meiobenthic assemblages and nematode diversity inhabiting the Secca delle Fumose (SdF), a shallow water vent area located in the Gulf of Naples (Italy). In this area, characterized by a rapid change in the environmental conditions on a relative small spatial scale (i.e., 100 m), we selected four sampling sites: one diffusive emission site (H); one geyser site (G) and two inactive sites (CN, CS). Total meiofauna abundance did not vary significantly between active and inactive sites and between surface and deeper sediment layers due to a high inter-replicate variability, suggesting a pronounced spatial-scale patchiness in distribution of meiofauna. Nematofauna at site H presented the typical features of deep-sea vents with low structural and functional diversity, high biomass and dominance of few genera (i.e., Oncholaimus; Daptonema) while from site G we reported diversity values comparable to that of the inactive sites. We hypothesized that site G presented a condition of “intermediate disturbance” that could maintain a high nematode diversity. Environmental features such as sediment temperature, pH, total organic carbon and interstitial waters ions were found to be key factors influencing patterns of meiofauna and nematofauna assemblages at SdF. Even though the general theory is that nematodes inhabiting shallow vent areas include a subset of species that live in background sediments, this was not the case for SdF vent area. Due to a marked change in nematode composition between all sites and to the presence of many exclusive species, every single investigated site was characterized by a distinct nematofauna reflecting the high spatial heterogeneity of SdF.

Full Text
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Publisher's official version 28 7 MB Open access
Table S1 Meiofauna abundances (ind./10 cm2) and meiofaunal number of higher taxa reported from the four sampling sites and characterizing the different sediment layers. 18 KB Open access
Table S2 Complete list of nematodes. 40 KB Open access
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How to cite 

Baldrighi Elisa, Zeppilli Daniela, Appolloni Luca, Donnarumma Luigia, Chianese Elena, Russo Giovanni Fulvio, Sandulli Roberto (2020). Meiofaunal communities and nematode diversity characterizing the Secca delle Fumose shallow vent area (Gulf of Naples, Italy). Peerj, 8, e9058 (28p.). Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.9058 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00631/74343/