The basics for a permanent observatory of shoreline evolution in tropical environments; lessons from back-reef beaches in La Reunion Island
|Author(s)||Mahabot Marie-Myriam1, Jaud Marion2, Pennober Gwenaelle1, Le Dantec Nicolas2, 3, Troadec Roland4, Suanez Serge5, Delacourt Christophe2|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Univ La Reunion, UMR ESPACE DEV 228, IRD, F-97744 St Denis, Reunion, France.
2 : Inst Univ Europeen Mer, CNRS, UMR 6538, Lab Geosci Ocean, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
3 : Cerema, Direct Eau Mer & Fleuves, 134 Rue Beauvais, F-60280 Margny Les Compiegne, France.
4 : Univ La Reunion, Inst Phys Globe Paris, CNRS, UMR 7154,Lab Geosci Reunion, F-97744 St Denis, Reunion, France.
5 : Univ Bretagne Occidentale, Inst Univ Europeen Mer, CNRS, LETG Brest Geomer,UMR 6554, Technopole Brest Iroise, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
|Source||Comptes Rendus Geoscience (1631-0713) (Elsevier France-editions Scientifiques Medicales Elsevier), 2017-10 , Vol. 349 , N. 6-7 , P. 330-340|
|WOS© Times Cited||7|
|Keyword(s)||Carbonate beaches, Coral reef, Coastal observatory, UAV, TLS, Bathymetric Lidar|
Under natural and anthropogenic pressure, the coastal regions are evolving rapidly (population growth, erosion, modification of services, etc.), and some of these changes increase their vulnerability. Monitoring the evolution of the coastal regions has thus become essential to understand how they respond to the various pressures and to define how their resilience could be increased. Among other outcomes, such monitoring should provide continuous, high-resolution data on the spatial and temporal evolution of the coastal areas, especially the shoreline zone. One appropriate way to acquire long, continuous, time series of data is to set up a permanent observatory in the zone to be monitored. This paper aims to provide recommendations and a methodological framework to set up a "shoreline observatory'' dedicated to monitor some of the specific features and behaviours of tropical littorals, more particularly back-reef beaches and their geomorphic changes. After a brief review of carbonate sandy beach morphodynamics, we present survey solutions ( TLS, UAV photogrammetry) to monitor at high resolution and repeatedly the geomorphic changes of the coastal area, both on land and in shallow water. The example case is that of the back-reef beaches in La Reunion Island.