Microplastics and sorbed contaminants – Trophic exposure in fish sensitive early life stages

Type Article
Date 2020-10
Language English
Author(s) Cousin XavierORCID1, 2, 3, Batel Annika4, Bringer Arno1, Hess Sebastian, Bégout Marie-LaureORCID1, 2, Braunbeck Thomas
Affiliation(s) 1 : Laboratoire Ressources Halieutiques, IFREMER, Place Gaby Coll, L'Houmeau, France
2 : MARBEC, Univ. Montpellier, CNRS, IFREMER, IRD Palavas-les-Flots, France
3 : Univ. Paris-Saclay, AgroParisTech, INRAE, GABI, Jouy-en-Josas, France
4 : Aquatic Ecology and Toxicology, Centre for Organismal Studies, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
Source Marine Environmental Research (0141-1136) (Elsevier BV), 2020-10 , Vol. 161 , P. 105126 (10p.)
DOI 10.1016/j.marenvres.2020.105126
WOS© Times Cited 14
Keyword(s) Trophic transfer, Microplastics, Fish, Larvae, benzo[a]pyrene, Paramecium, Artemia, Zebrafish, Marine medaka

The present study evaluated very small microplastic particle (MPs) transfer to zebrafish and marine medaka larvae via prey experimentally exposed to MPs from the onset of feeding. Larvae were fed Paramecium or Artemia nauplii loaded with fluorescent 1–5 or 10–20 μm MP. Pollutant accumulation was analyzed by optically tracking of benzo [a]pyrene (BaP) and recording cyp1a transcription. Paramecium transferred 1–5 μm particles only, whereas Artemia efficiently transferred both MPs. Although zebrafish and medaka larvae fed from the onset of active food intake (2–3 dph, respectively) on Paramecium and from days 6–7 post-hatch on Artemia nauplii, neither MP accumulation nor translocation to tissues was detected. MP egestion started within few hours after ingestion. Cyp1a induction and fluorescent analyses proved BaP bioavailability after transfer via Paramecium and Artemia. Unicellular or plankton organisms ingest contaminants via MPS and transfer effectively these to sensitive early life-stages of vertebrates, giving rise to whole-life exposure.

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