Evidence of Southern Ocean influence into the far Northwest Pacific (Northern Emperor Rise) since the Bølling–Allerød warming

Type Article
Date 2020-12
Language English
Author(s) Gorbarenko Sergey A.1, Shi Xuefa2, 3, Liu Yanguang2, 3, Zou Jianjun2, 3, Psheneva Olga Yu.1, Bosin Aleksandr A.1, Kirichenko Ivan S.4, Artemova Antonina V.1, Yanchenko Elena A.1, Vasilenko Yuriy P.1
Affiliation(s) 1 : V.I. Il'ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia
2 : Key Laboratory of Marine Sedimentology and Environmental Geology, First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Qingdao, China
3 : Laboratory for Marine Geology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China
4 : Geology and Mineralogy Institute, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences Novosibirsk, Russia
Source Global And Planetary Change (0921-8181) (Elsevier BV), 2020-12 , Vol. 195 , P. 103315 (15p.)
DOI 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2020.103315
WOS© Times Cited 4
Keyword(s) Productivity, Sea ice condition, Deep water ventilation, Oxygen and carbon isotope ratio, Stratigraphy, Benthic foraminifera

The role of the Southern Ocean in releasing CO2 (sequestered in the global ocean during the Last Glacial Maximum) into the atmosphere during deglaciation is an important topic for investigation of Earth's climate. Changes in global deep water circulation associated with upwelling of Circumpolar Deep Water (CDW) around Antarctica may have played a part in the CO2 release, but remain poorly studied. The potential response of the Pacific Ocean, including the North Pacific, to upwelling of CDW with its vast reservoir of CO2 remains unresolved. Here we combine productivity proxies, oxygen and carbon isotope values in benthic and planktic foraminifera, data on the occurrence and abundance of ice-rafted debris, and benthic foraminiferal species composition in three sediment cores with published data for three cores from the Northern Emperor Rise for the Last Glacial Maximum, deglaciation and Holocene in order to elucidate the North Pacific role in CO2 redistribution in the past. Age models of the cores are based on radiocarbon data calibrated by 14C atmospheric plateau tuning. The calcium carbonate content in all cores increased abruptly around 14.5 ka, indicating an influx of relatively young water enriched in carbonate ion, oxygen and nutrients, and sourced in the Southern Oceans. A decrease in the extent of sea ice at the NER area during early deglaciation is reflected in sharp increases in the productivity of siliceous phytoplankton near the onset of Bølling/Allerød warming, possibly facilitated by the influx of Southern Ocean-sourced nutrient-rich waters.

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Gorbarenko Sergey A., Shi Xuefa, Liu Yanguang, Zou Jianjun, Psheneva Olga Yu., Bosin Aleksandr A., Kirichenko Ivan S., Artemova Antonina V., Yanchenko Elena A., Vasilenko Yuriy P. (2020). Evidence of Southern Ocean influence into the far Northwest Pacific (Northern Emperor Rise) since the Bølling–Allerød warming. Global And Planetary Change, 195, 103315 (15p.). Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2020.103315 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00648/76046/