High survivability of discarded invertebrates from bottom trawling fisheries

Type Article
Date 2020-11
Language English
Author(s) Boussarie Germain1, Kopp DorotheeORCID1, Méhault Sonia1, Morfin MarieORCID1
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, Unité de Sciences et Technologies halieutiques, Laboratoire de Technologie et Biologie Halieutique, 8 rue François Toullec, F-56100, Lorient, France
Source Regional Studies In Marine Science (2352-4855) (Elsevier BV), 2020-11 , Vol. 40 , P. 101543 (8p.)
DOI 10.1016/j.rsma.2020.101543
Keyword(s) Fisheries management, Benthic invertebrates, Physical injuries, Discard mortality, Survival mixture models
Abstract

The impacts of bottom trawling in coastal ecosystems are significant, not only for targeted species but also for non-commercial ones. However, the critical gaps in scientific knowledge associated with these impacts on untargeted but functionally important species remain to be filled. This is notably the case for a great proportion of discarded invertebrates, for which only a handful of studies have investigated their survival. In this study, 600 individuals from six different benthic invertebrate species were collected in commercial conditions in the Bay of Biscay for short-term survival experiments. Overall, the observed survival after 100–130 h and the predicted survival via mixture models were very high (>93%) for Asterias rubens, Aphrodita aculeata, Buccinum undatum and Pagurus sp. Survival of Maja brachydactyla was lower though still high (>80% overall) and Atelecyclus undecimdentatus was more vulnerable to trawling and handling, with 50% of survival. Both showed 100% mortality when presenting carapace cracks and survival of M. brachydactyla was lower when missing appendages. No biotic nor abiotic parameters were correlated to survival, except injury class for M. brachydactyla and A. undecimdentatus. This study shows an overall high survival but highlights the fact that otter trawl fisheries may differentially affect discarded benthic invertebrates, therefore bringing light for future studies on longer-term impacts on benthic communities and coastal ecosystems. Furthermore, we recommend incorporating survival rates of discarded invertebrates in ecosystem-level modelling studies and encourage the use of detailed information and biomass reports of benthic invertebrates for a better management of natural populations and fisheries resources.

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