|Author(s)||Chenillat Fanny1, Huck Thierry2, Maes Christophe1, Grima Nicolas2, Blanke Bruno2|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Laboratoire d'Océanographie Physique et Spatiale (UMR 6523 LOPS), Univ Brest, CNRS, IRD, Ifremer, IUEM, Plouzané, France
2 : Laboratoire d'Océanographie Physique et Spatiale (UMR 6523 LOPS), Univ Brest, CNRS, IRD, Ifremer, IUEM, Plouzané, France
|Source||Marine Pollution Bulletin (0025-326X) (Elsevier BV), 2021-04 , Vol. 165 , P. 112116 (13p.)|
|WOS© Times Cited||30|
|Keyword(s)||Marine debris, Microplastics, Lagrangian analysis, Ocean surface pathways, Coastal pollution, Ocean connectivity|
Marine plastic pollution is a global issue, from the shores to the open ocean. Understanding the pathway and fate of plastic debris is fundamental to manage and reduce plastic pollution. Here, the fate of floating plastic pollution discharged along the coasts is studied by comparing two sources, one based on river discharges and the other on mismanaged waste from coastal populations, using a Lagrangian numerical analysis in a global ocean circulation model. About 1/3 of the particles end up in the open ocean and 2/3 on beaches. The input scenario largely influences the accumulation of particles toward the main subtropical convergence zones, with the South Pacific and North Atlantic being mostly fed by the coastal population inputs. The input scenario influences the number of beached particles that end up in several coastal areas. Beaching occurs mainly locally, although a significant number of particles travel long distances, allowing for global connectivity.
Chenillat Fanny, Huck Thierry, Maes Christophe, Grima Nicolas, Blanke Bruno (2021). Fate of floating plastic debris released along the coasts in a global ocean model. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 165, 112116 (13p.). Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112116 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00679/79089/