Mastomys natalensis (Smith, 1834) as a natural host for Schistosoma haematobium (Bilharz, 1852) Weinland, 1858 x Schistosoma bovis Sonsino, 1876 introgressive hybrids

Type Article
Date 2021-05
Language English
Author(s) Savassi Boris A.E.S.ORCID1, 2, Dobigny GauthierORCID3, 4, Etougbétché Jonas R.3, Avocegan Thalasse T.3, Quinsou François T.3, Gauthier Philippe4, Ibikounlé MoudachirouORCID2, Moné HélèneORCID1, Mouahid GabrielORCID1
Affiliation(s) 1 : University of Perpignan Via Domitia, IHPE UMR 5244, CNRS, IFREMER, University of Montpellier, 58 Avenue Paul Alduy, Bât. R, F-66860, Perpignan, France
2 : Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01BP526, Cotonou, Benin
3 : Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Laboratoire de Recherche en Biologie Appliquée, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
4 : Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Centre de Biologie et de Gestion des Populations (UMR IRD/INRA/CIRAD/Institut Agro), Montferrier-sur-Lez, France
Source Parasitology Research (0932-0113) (Springer Science and Business Media LLC), 2021-05 , Vol. 120 , N. 5 , P. 1755-1770
DOI 10.1007/s00436-021-07099-7
WOS© Times Cited 1
Keyword(s) Schistosoma haematobium x Schistosoma bovis, Cercarial chronobiology, Mastomys natalensis, Rattus rattus, Schistosome transmission
Abstract Cercarial emission of schistosomes is a determinant in the transmission to the definitive host and constitutes a good marker to identify which definitive host is responsible for transmission, mainly in introgressive hybridization situations. Our goal was to test the hypothesis that micro-mammals play a role in Schistosoma haematobium, S. bovis, and/or S. haematobium x S. bovis transmission. Small mammal sampling was conducted in seven semi-lacustrine villages of southern Benin. Among the 62 animals trapped, 50 individuals were investigated for Schistosoma adults and eggs: 37 Rattus rattus, 3 Rattus norvegicus, 9 Mastomys natalensis, and 1 Crocidura olivieri. Schistosoma adults were found in four R. rattus and two M. natalensis, with a local prevalence reaching 80% and 50%, respectively. Two cercarial chronotypes were found from Bulinus globosus experimentally infected with miracidia extracted from naturally infected M. natalensis: a late diurnal and nocturnal chronotype, and an early diurnal, late diurnal, and nocturnal chronotype. The cytochrome C oxidase subunit I mtDNA gene of the collected schistosomes (adults, miracidia, and cercariae) belonged to the S. bovis clade. Eleven internal transcribed spacer rDNA profiles were found; four belonged to S. bovis and seven to S. haematobium x S. bovis. These molecular results together with the observed multi-peak chronotypes add M. natalensis as a new host implicated in S. haematobium x S. bovis transmission. We discuss the origin of the new chronotypes which have become more complex with the appearance of several peaks in a 24-h day. We also discuss how the new populations of offspring may optimize intra-host ecological niche, host spectrum, and transmission time period.
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Savassi Boris A.E.S., Dobigny Gauthier, Etougbétché Jonas R., Avocegan Thalasse T., Quinsou François T., Gauthier Philippe, Ibikounlé Moudachirou, Moné Hélène, Mouahid Gabriel (2021). Mastomys natalensis (Smith, 1834) as a natural host for Schistosoma haematobium (Bilharz, 1852) Weinland, 1858 x Schistosoma bovis Sonsino, 1876 introgressive hybrids. Parasitology Research, 120(5), 1755-1770. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-021-07099-7 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00685/79678/