Looking for diversity in all the right places? Genetic diversity is highest in peripheral populations of the reef-building polychaete Sabellaria alveolata

Type Article
Date 2021-05
Language English
Author(s) Nunes FlaviaORCID1, Rigal FrançoisORCID2, Dubois StanislasORCID1, Viard FrédériqueORCID3, 4
Affiliation(s) 1 : Ifremer, DYNECO, Laboratory of Coastal Benthic Ecology, 29280, Plouzané, France
2 : Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour, E2S UPPA, CNRS, IPREM, 64000, Pau, France
3 : Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Lab. AD2M, Station Biologique, Roscoff, France
4 : ISEM, Univ Montpellier, CNRS, EPHE, IRD, Montpellier, France
Source Marine Biology (0025-3162) (Springer Science and Business Media LLC), 2021-05 , Vol. 168 , N. 5 , P. 63 (16p.)
DOI 10.1007/s00227-021-03861-8
WOS© Times Cited 1
Abstract

Species distributions have been profoundly affected by past climate change, and are expected to change considerably in response to future environmental change. To better apprehend how future climate change is likely to affect genetic diversity in marine populations, it is essential to first evaluate the processes that have shaped the current distribution of genetic diversity in the sea. The honeycomb worm is a reef-building polychaete that hosts high biodiversity. Here we show that the genetic diversity in populations of S. alveolata is highest towards the edges of the current species range and lowest at its center. Pleistocene glacial cycles likely led to extirpations of S. alveolata from central populations in the Bay of Biscay, with coalescent-based estimates of post-glacial colonization dating to the beginning of the Holocene interglacial, from 10,000 to 14,000 years ago. Meanwhile, populations in the Irish Sea and English Channel likely persisted in glacial refugia since the Eemian interglacial, 120,000 years ago. Northern populations host at least two sets of divergent haplotypes, indicating that two refugia possibly existed in the north, with Ireland being a likely second refugium. Within biogeographic regions, populations were overall well-connected, but strong genetic differentiation suggests that little exchange occurs between regions. These two unexpected reservoirs of genetic diversity at the range edges deserve greater attention as warming temperatures threaten trailing edge populations, while greater climatic variability threatens leading edge populations.

Full Text
File Pages Size Access
Publisher's official version 16 1 MB Open access
Top of the page