Observations of a Deep Submesoscale Cyclonic Vortex in the Arabian Sea

Type Article
Date 2020-07
Language English
Author(s) de Marez CharlyORCID1, Carton Xavier1, Correard Stephanie2, L'Hegaret Pierre1, Morvan Mathieu1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Brest, Lab Oceanog Phys & Spatiale LOPS, IUEM, Plouzane, France.
2 : SHOM DOPS STM DTO, Toulouse, France.
Source Geophysical Research Letters (0094-8276) (Amer Geophysical Union), 2020-07 , Vol. 47 , N. 13 , P. e2020GL087881 (10p.)
DOI 10.1029/2020GL087881
WOS© Times Cited 13
Keyword(s) submesoscale, observation, Arabian Sea, vortex

Submesoscale coherent vortices (SCVs) are numerous in high-resolution numerical simulations, but their observations are scarce. Among the few in situ available measurements of SCVs, a vast majority concern anticyclones. No cyclonic SCV with large dynamical Rossby number (|zeta/f| > 1) has ever been sampled. This suggested that such small cyclones may lack robustness. Here, we present in situ measurements of an intense cyclonic SCV in the Arabian Sea. This eddy lay at 600 m depth, with a Rossby numberRo=O(1)and a dynamical Rossby number|zeta/f| > 1.5. This cyclone was most likely generated at the mouth of the Gulf of Aden. It trapped and advected Red Sea Water, from there on. This highlights the role of deep SCVs in the spreading of salty waters across the Arabian Sea.

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