Potential application and beneficial effects of a marine microalgal biomass produced in a high-rate algal pond (HRAP) in diets of European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax

Type Article
Acceptance Date 2021 IN PRESS
Language English
Author(s) Pascon Giulia1, Messina MariaORCID1, Petit Lisa4, Valente Luisa Maria Pinheiro2, 3, Oliveira Beatriz2, 3, Przybyla Cyrille4, Dutto Gilbert5, Tulli Francesca1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Department of Agricultural, Food, Environmental and Animal Sciences, University of Udine, 33100, Udine, Italy
2 : CIIMAR, Centro Interdisciplinar de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental, Universidade do Porto, 4450-208, Matosinhos, Portugal
3 : ICBAS, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas de Abel Salazar, Universidade do Porto, Rua de Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, 228, 4050-313, Porto, Portugal
4 : MARBEC, Univ. Montpellier, CNRS, Ifremer, IRD, Palavas les flots, Laboratoire L-3AS, 34250, Palavas-les-Flots, France
5 : IFREMER French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea, Laboratoire Service d’Expérimentations Aquacoles, 34250, Palavas les flots, France
Source Environmental Science and Pollution Research (0944-1344) (Springer Science and Business Media LLC) In Press
DOI 10.1007/s11356-021-14927-x
Keyword(s) Microalgae consortium, Nannochloropsis spp., Oocystis sp., Gut physiology, Diet digestibility, Water treatment, European sea bass
Abstract

Microalgae have been used as live food in aquatic species. In recent years, the interest in microalgae has considerably increased, thanks to the evolution of production techniques that have identified them as an ecologically attractive aquafeed ingredient. The present study provides the first data about the effects of dietary inclusion of a microalgae consortium grown in a high-rate algal pond system on zootechnical performance, morphometric indices, and dietary nutrient digestibility as well as morphology and functionality of the digestive system of European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax. A dietary treatment including a commercial mono-cultured microalgae (Nannochloropsis sp.) biomass was used for comparison. Six hundred and thirty-six European sea bass juveniles (18 ± 0.28 g) were randomly allotted into 12 experimental groups and fed 4 different diets for 10 weeks: a control diet based on fish meal, fish oil, and plant protein sources; a diet including 10% of Nannochloropsis spp. biomass (100 g/kg diet); and two diets including two levels (10% and 20%) of the microalgal consortium (100 and 200 g/kg diet). Even at the highest dietary inclusion level, the microalgal consortium (200 g/kg diet) did not affect feed palatability and fish growth performance. A significant decrease in the apparent digestibility of dry matter, protein, and energy was observed in diets including 10 and 20% of the microalgal consortium, but all fish exhibited a well-preserved intestinal histomorphology. Moreover, dietary inclusion with the microalgal consortium significantly increased the enzymatic activity of maltase, sucrase-isomaltase, and ɤ-glutamil transpeptidase in the distal intestine of the treated European sea bass. Algal consortium grown using fish farm effluents represents an attempt to enhance the utilization of natural biomasses in aquafeeds when used at 10 % as substitute of vegetable ingredients in diet for European sea bass.

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Pascon Giulia, Messina Maria, Petit Lisa, Valente Luisa Maria Pinheiro, Oliveira Beatriz, Przybyla Cyrille, Dutto Gilbert, Tulli Francesca Potential application and beneficial effects of a marine microalgal biomass produced in a high-rate algal pond (HRAP) in diets of European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax. Environmental Science and Pollution Research IN PRESS. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-14927-x , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00703/81545/