Manganese Benefits Heat-Stressed Corals at the Cellular Level

Type Article
Date 2021-06
Language English
Author(s) Montalbetti Enrico1, 2, Biscéré Tom3, Ferrier-Pagès Christine4, Houlbrèque Fanny3, Orlandi Ivan5, Forcella Matilde5, Galli Paolo1, 2, Vai Marina5, Seveso Davide1, 2
Affiliation(s) 1 : Department of Environmental and Earth Sciences (DISAT), University of Milano – Bicocca, Milan, Italy
2 : Marine Research and High Education Center (MaRHE Center), Magoodhoo, Maldives
3 : ENTROPIE, IRD, Université de la Réunion, CNRS, IFREMER, Université de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Nouméa, France
4 : Centre Scientifique de Monaco (CSM), Equipe Ecophysiologie Corallienne, Monaco, Monaco
5 : Department of Biotechnologies and Biosciences, University of Milano – Bicocca, Milan, Italy
Source Frontiers In Marine Science (2296-7745) (Frontiers Media SA), 2021-06 , Vol. 8 , P. 681119 (14p.)
DOI 10.3389/fmars.2021.681119
Keyword(s) metal enrichment, manganese, iron, thermal stress, Stylophora pistillata, coral bleaching, bleaching mitigation

The intensity and frequency of coral bleaching events have increased worldwide especially due to thermal stress and seawater pollution. Although it has been observed that metal concentration in seawater can affect the coral’s ability to adopt cellular defensive mechanisms to counteract bleaching, more investigations are needed to better understand the role of metals in coral physiology. In this study, we analyzed the individual and combined effects of prolonged heat stress and manganese (Mn) and iron (Fe) enrichments at the cellular level on the coral Stylophora pistillata. Thermal stress caused an up-regulation in the expression of the host Heat shock proteins (Hsps) 60 and 70, which showed a parallel pattern of modulation in all treatments, as well as an increase of lipid peroxidation (LPO) in the holobiont. Fe enrichment did not induce any change in Hsp expression or in the oxidative status of the corals both at the ambient temperature of 26°C or at increased temperature, suggesting that Fe didn’t seem to play a role in mitigating the cellular damages and the coral bleaching. Mn or MnFe enrichment at 26°C seemed to increase the oxidative stress in zooxanthellae, since high LPO and glutathione reductase (GR) levels were recorded, but it did not cause any effect on polyp Hsp expression, probably due to the antioxidant action of GR. With the temperature increase, Mn enrichments prevented any increase in Hsp levels and caused a significant decrease of LPO and GR activity, strengthening a previous hypothesis suggesting that Mn could mitigate the negative cellular effects produced by the thermal stress.

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Montalbetti Enrico, Biscéré Tom, Ferrier-Pagès Christine, Houlbrèque Fanny, Orlandi Ivan, Forcella Matilde, Galli Paolo, Vai Marina, Seveso Davide (2021). Manganese Benefits Heat-Stressed Corals at the Cellular Level. Frontiers In Marine Science, 8, 681119 (14p.). Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :