Living benthic foraminifera from cold-water coral ecosystems in the eastern Alboran Sea, Western Mediterranean

Type Article
Date 2021-09
Language English
Author(s) Stalder Claudio1, El Kateb Akram1, Spangenberg Jorge E.ORCID2, Terhzaz LoubnaORCID3, Vertino Agostina4, 5, Spezzaferri SilviaORCID1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Department of Geosciences, University of Fribourg, Chemin du Musée 6, CH–1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
2 : Institute of Earth Surface Dynamics, University of Lausanne, Building Géopolis, CH–1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
3 : ODYSSEE research group, Materials Nanotechnologies and Environment Laboratory (LMNE), Materials Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Sciences of Rabat, Mohammed-V University Rabat, BP 1014 Rabat, Morocco
4 : Department of Geology, Ghent University, B-9000, Gent, Belgium
5 : Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, I-20126, Milan, Italy
Source Heliyon (24058440) (Elsevier BV), 2021-09 , Vol. 7 , N. 9 , P. e07880 (13p.)
DOI 10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07880
Keyword(s) Living foraminifera, Cold-water corals, Alboran sea, Mediterranean

Benthic foraminifera (protists with biomineralized tests) coupled with geochemical proxies are used for the first time to characterize present oceanographic conditions occurring in cold-water coral ecosystems (CWC) in the eastern Alboran Sea (Brittlestar Ridge and Cablier Mound), western Mediterranean Sea. Quantitative data on living (stained) benthic foraminifera from 5 box cores retrieved during the MD194 cruise on the RV Marion Dufresne reveal that these organisms are more diverse in presence of corals, where more numerous ecological niches occur than they are in pelagic adjacent sediments. These data confirm that CWC can be considered as “diversity hotspots” also for benthic foraminifera.

Geochemical characterization shows that these sediments contain relatively fresh (labile) organic matter but also a reworked refractory component. In particular, the total organic carbon and the δ13Corg values suggest that some of the organic matter may be a mixture of marine and reworked particulate organic matter, compared to typical values from temperate phytoplankton. The δ15N of the organic fraction suggests that important atmospheric N2-fixation and degradation processes occur in the region.

Finally, our results show that a more effective advection of freshly exported particulate organic matter from the surface waters occur at the mound top rather than at the mound base or off-mound allowing some coral colonies to survive on the top of mounds in this region. The mud layer covering the coral rubble debris may suggest that the Brittlestar Ridge is today exposed to siltation preventing the growth of corals at the mound base or off-mound.

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Publisher's official version 46 3 MB Open access
Table S1. Geographical coordinates and recovery. Latitude, longitude and recovery of the investigated box cores retrieved during the MD 194 cruise on the RV Marion Dufresne). 10 KB Open access
Table S2. Foraminiferal and geochemical data. Quantitative raw data of the identified benthic foraminiferal species and geochemical data of the investigated box cores retrieved during the MD194 cruise 35 KB Open access
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