The NORMAN Suspect List Exchange (NORMAN-SLE): facilitating European and worldwide collaboration on suspect screening in high resolution mass spectrometry

Type Article
Date 2022-12
Language English
Author(s) Mohammed Taha HibaORCID1, Aalizadeh RezaORCID2, Alygizakis NikiforosORCID2, 3, Antignac Jean-PhilippeORCID4, Arp Hans Peter H.ORCID5, 6, Bade RichardORCID7, Baker NancyORCID8, Belova LidiaORCID9, Bijlsma LubertusORCID10, Bolton Evan E.ORCID11, Brack WernerORCID12, 13, Celma AlbertoORCID10, 14, Chen Wen-LingORCID15, Cheng TiejunORCID11, Chirsir ParvielORCID1, Čirka ĽubošORCID3, 16, D’agostino Lisa A.ORCID17, Djoumbou Feunang YannickORCID18, Dulio ValeriaORCID19, Fischer Stellan20, Gago-Ferrero PabloORCID21, Galani AikateriniORCID2, Geueke BirgitORCID22, Głowacka NataliaORCID3, Glüge JulianeORCID23, Groh KseniaORCID24, Grosse Sylvia25, Haglund PeterORCID26, Hakkinen Pertti J.ORCID11, Hale Sarah E.ORCID5, Hernandez FelixORCID10, Janssen Elisabeth M.-L.ORCID24, Jonkers TimORCID27, Kiefer Karin24, Kirchner MichalORCID28, Koschorreck JanORCID29, Krauss MartinORCID12, Krier JessyORCID1, Lamoree Marja H.ORCID27, Letzel Marion30, Letzel ThomasORCID31, Li QingliangORCID11, Little James32, Liu YannaORCID33, Lunderberg David M.ORCID34, 35, Martin Jonathan W.ORCID17, McEachran Andrew D.ORCID36, McLean John A.ORCID37, Meier ChristianeORCID29, Meijer JeroenORCID38, Menger FrankORCID14, Merino CarlaORCID39, 40, Muncke JaneORCID22, Muschket MatthiasORCID12, Neumann MichaelORCID29, Neveu VanessaORCID41, Ng KelseyORCID3, 42, Oberacher HerbertORCID43, O’brien JakeORCID7, Oswald PeterORCID3, Oswaldova Martina3, Picache Jaqueline A.ORCID37, Postigo CristinaORCID14, 44, Ramirez NoeliaORCID39, 45, Reemtsma ThorstenORCID12, Renaud JustinORCID, Rostkowski PawelORCID46, Rüdel HeinzORCID47, Salek Reza M.ORCID48, Samanipour SaerORCID41, Scheringer MartinORCID49, Schliebner Ivo23, 42, Schulz WolfgangORCID29, Schulze TobiasORCID12, 50, Sengl Manfred30, Shoemaker Benjamin A.ORCID11, Sims KerryORCID51, Singer HeinzORCID24, Singh RandolphORCID1, 52, Sumarah MarkORCID46, Thiessen Paul A.ORCID11, Thomas Kevin V.ORCID7, Torres SoniaORCID39, Trier XeniaORCID53, Van Wezel Annemarie P.ORCID54, Vermeulen Roel C. H.ORCID38, Vlaanderen Jelle J.38, von Der Ohe Peter C.ORCID29, Wang ZhanyunORCID55, Williams Antony J.ORCID56, Willighagen Egon L.ORCID57, Wishart David S.ORCID58, Zhang JianORCID11, Thomaidis Nikolaos S.ORCID2, Hollender JulianeORCID23, 24, Slobodnik JaroslavORCID3, Schymanski Emma L.ORCID1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB), University of Luxembourg, 6 Avenue du Swing, 4367, Belvaux, Luxembourg
2 : Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis Zografou, 15771, Athens, Greece
3 : Environmental Institute, Okružná 784/42, 972 41, Koš, Slovak Republic
4 : Oniris, INRAE, LABERCA, 44307, Nantes, France
5 : Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI), Ullevål Stadion, P.O. Box 3930, 0806, Oslo, Norway
6 : Department of Chemistry, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), 7491, Trondheim, Norway
7 : Queensland Alliance for Environmental Health Sciences (QAEHS), The University of Queensland, Woolloongabba, QLD, 4102, Australia
8 : Leidos, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
9 : Toxicological Centre, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
10 : Environmental and Public Health Analytical Chemistry, Research Institute for Pesticides and Water, University Jaume I, Castelló, Spain
11 : National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD, 20894, USA
12 : UFZ, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig, Germany
13 : Institute of Ecology, Evolution and Diversity, Goethe University, Frankfurt Am Main, Germany
14 : Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden
15 : Institute of Food Safety and Health, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, 17 Xuzhou Rd., Zhongzheng Dist., Taipei, Taiwan
16 : Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Institute of Information Engineering, Automation, and Mathematics, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava (STU), Radlinského 9, 812 37, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
17 : Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Environmental Science, Stockholm University, 10691, Stockholm, Sweden
18 : Corteva Agriscience, Indianapolis, IN, USA
19 : INERIS, National Institute for Environment and Industrial Risks, Verneuil en Halatte, France
20 : Swedish Chemicals Agency (KEMI), P.O. Box 2, 172 13, Sundbyberg, Sweden
21 : Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research-Severo Ochoa Excellence Center (IDAEA), Spanish Council of Scientific Research (CSIC), Barcelona, Spain
22 : Food Packaging Forum Foundation, Staffelstrasse 10, 8045, Zurich, Switzerland
23 : Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, ETH Zurich, 8092, Zurich, Switzerland
24 : Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute for Aquatic Science and Technology, Überlandstrasse 133, 8600, Dübendorf, Switzerland
25 : Thermo Fisher Scientific, Dornierstrasse 4, 82110, Germering, Germany
26 : Department of Chemistry, Chemical Biological Centre (KBC), Umeå University, Linnaeus Väg 6, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden
27 : Department Environment and Health, Amsterdam Institute for Life and Environment, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
28 : Water Research Institute (WRI), Nábr. Arm. Gen. L. Svobodu 5, 81249, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
29 : German Environment Agency (UBA), Wörlitzer Platz 1, Dessau-Roßlau, Germany
30 : Bavarian Environment Agency, 86179, Augsburg, Germany
31 : Analytisches Forschungsinstitut Für Non-Target Screening GmbH (AFIN-TS), Am Mittleren Moos 48, 86167, Augsburg, Germany
32 : Mass Spec Interpretation Services, 3612 Hemlock Park Drive, Kingsport, TN, 37663, USA
33 : State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (SKLECE, RCEES, CAS), No. 18 Shuangqing Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100086, China
34 : Hope College, Holland, MI, 49422, USA
35 : University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
36 : Agilent Technologies, Inc., 5301 Stevens Creek Blvd, Santa Clara, CA, 95051, USA
37 : Department of Chemistry, Center for Innovative Technology, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt Institute of Chemical Biology, Vanderbilt Institute for Integrative Biosystems Research and Education, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, 37235, USA
38 : Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS), Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
39 : University Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain
40 : Biosfer Teslab, Reus, Spain
41 : Nutrition and Metabolism Branch, International Agency for Research On Cancer (IARC), 150 Cours Albert Thomas, 69372, Lyon Cedex 08, France
42 : RECETOX, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, Brno, Czech Republic
43 : Institute of Legal Medicine and Core Facility Metabolomics, Medical University of Innsbruck, Muellerstrasse 44, Innsbruck, Austria
44 : Technologies for Water Management and Treatment Research Group, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Granada, Campus de Fuentenueva S/N, 18071, Granada, Spain
45 : Institute of Health Research Pere Virgili, Tarragona, Spain
46 : Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada/Agriculture et Agroalimentaire Canada, 1391 Sandford Street, London, ON, N5V 4T3, Canada
47 : NILU, Norwegian Institute for Air Research, Kjeller, Norway
48 : Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology (Fraunhofer IME), Schmallenberg, Germany
49 : Van’t Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences, University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 94157, Amsterdam, 1090 GD, The Netherlands
50 : Laboratory for Operation Control and Research, Zweckverband Landeswasserversorgung, Am Spitzigen Berg 1, 89129, Langenau, Germany
51 : Environment Agency, Horizon House, Deanery Road, Bristol, BS1 5AH, UK
52 : Chemical Contamination of Marine Ecosystems (CCEM) Unit, Institut Français de Recherche pour l’Exploitation de la Mer (IFREMER), Rue de l’Ile d’Yeu, BP 21105, 44311, Cedex 3, Nantes, France
53 : Section for Environmental Chemistry and Physics, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Thorvaldsensvej 40, 1871, Frederiksberg C, Denmark
54 : Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
55 : Technology and Society Laboratory, Empa-Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, 9014, St. Gallen, Switzerland
56 : Computational Chemistry and Cheminformatics Branch (CCCB), Chemical Characterization and Exposure Division (CCED), Center for Computational Toxicology and Exposure (CCTE), United States Environmental Protection Agency, 109 T.W. Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27711, USA
57 : Department of Bioinformatics-BiGCaT, NUTRIM, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
58 : University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2G3, Canada
Source Environmental Sciences Europe (2190-4707) (Springer Science and Business Media LLC), 2022-12 , Vol. 34 , N. 1 , P. 104 (26p.)
DOI 10.1186/s12302-022-00680-6
WOS© Times Cited 4
Keyword(s) Suspect screening, High resolution mass spectrometry, Non-target screening, Open science, FAIR (Findable Accessible Interoperable Reusable) data, Data exchange, Cheminformatics, Exposomics, Environmental contaminants, Chemicals of emerging concern

Background The NORMAN Association ( initiated the NORMAN Suspect List Exchange (NORMAN-SLE; in 2015, following the NORMAN collaborative trial on non-target screening of environmental water samples by mass spectrometry. Since then, this exchange of information on chemicals that are expected to occur in the environment, along with the accompanying expert knowledge and references, has become a valuable knowledge base for “suspect screening” lists. The NORMAN-SLE now serves as a FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable) chemical information resource worldwide. Results The NORMAN-SLE contains 99 separate suspect list collections (as of May 2022) from over 70 contributors around the world, totalling over 100,000 unique substances. The substance classes include per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), pharmaceuticals, pesticides, natural toxins, high production volume substances covered under the European REACH regulation (EC: 1272/2008), priority contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) and regulatory lists from NORMAN partners. Several lists focus on transformation products (TPs) and complex features detected in the environment with various levels of provenance and structural information. Each list is available for separate download. The merged, curated collection is also available as the NORMAN Substance Database (NORMAN SusDat). Both the NORMAN-SLE and NORMAN SusDat are integrated within the NORMAN Database System (NDS). The individual NORMAN-SLE lists receive digital object identifiers (DOIs) and traceable versioning via a Zenodo community (, with a total of > 40,000 unique views, > 50,000 unique downloads and 40 citations (May 2022). NORMAN-SLE content is progressively integrated into large open chemical databases such as PubChem ( and the US EPA’s CompTox Chemicals Dashboard (, enabling further access to these lists, along with the additional functionality and calculated properties these resources offer. PubChem has also integrated significant annotation content from the NORMAN-SLE, including a classification browser ( Conclusions The NORMAN-SLE offers a specialized service for hosting suspect screening lists of relevance for the environmental community in an open, FAIR manner that allows integration with other major chemical resources. These efforts foster the exchange of information between scientists and regulators, supporting the paradigm shift to the “one substance, one assessment” approach. New submissions are welcome via the contacts provided on the NORMAN-SLE website (

Full Text
File Pages Size Access
Publisher's official version 26 2 MB Open access
Additional file 1: Summary of the NORMAN-SLE datasets (CSV format) as of 4 May 2022 13 KB Open access
Additional file 2: Overview of the NORMAN-SLE website (DOCX format) as of 30 May 2022 57 KB Open access
Additional file 3: Summary of Zenodo view and download statistics, plus citations (CSV format) as of 28 April 2022 2 KB Open access
Additional file 4: Summary of Zenodo citations plus DOIs per list (CSV format) as of 1 May 2022 1 KB Open access
Additional file 5: Authorship contributions and acknowledgements mapped to NORMAN-SLE lists 40 KB Open access
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Mohammed Taha Hiba, Aalizadeh Reza, Alygizakis Nikiforos, Antignac Jean-Philippe, Arp Hans Peter H., Bade Richard, Baker Nancy, Belova Lidia, Bijlsma Lubertus, Bolton Evan E., Brack Werner, Celma Alberto, Chen Wen-Ling, Cheng Tiejun, Chirsir Parviel, Čirka Ľuboš, D’agostino Lisa A., Djoumbou Feunang Yannick, Dulio Valeria, Fischer Stellan, Gago-Ferrero Pablo, Galani Aikaterini, Geueke Birgit, Głowacka Natalia, Glüge Juliane, Groh Ksenia, Grosse Sylvia, Haglund Peter, Hakkinen Pertti J., Hale Sarah E., Hernandez Felix, Janssen Elisabeth M.-L., Jonkers Tim, Kiefer Karin, Kirchner Michal, Koschorreck Jan, Krauss Martin, Krier Jessy, Lamoree Marja H., Letzel Marion, Letzel Thomas, Li Qingliang, Little James, Liu Yanna, Lunderberg David M., Martin Jonathan W., McEachran Andrew D., McLean John A., Meier Christiane, Meijer Jeroen, Menger Frank, Merino Carla, Muncke Jane, Muschket Matthias, Neumann Michael, Neveu Vanessa, Ng Kelsey, Oberacher Herbert, O’brien Jake, Oswald Peter, Oswaldova Martina, Picache Jaqueline A., Postigo Cristina, Ramirez Noelia, Reemtsma Thorsten, Renaud Justin, Rostkowski Pawel, Rüdel Heinz, Salek Reza M., Samanipour Saer, Scheringer Martin, Schliebner Ivo, Schulz Wolfgang, Schulze Tobias, Sengl Manfred, Shoemaker Benjamin A., Sims Kerry, Singer Heinz, Singh Randolph, Sumarah Mark, Thiessen Paul A., Thomas Kevin V., Torres Sonia, Trier Xenia, Van Wezel Annemarie P., Vermeulen Roel C. H., Vlaanderen Jelle J., von Der Ohe Peter C., Wang Zhanyun, Williams Antony J., Willighagen Egon L., Wishart David S., Zhang Jian, Thomaidis Nikolaos S., Hollender Juliane, Slobodnik Jaroslav, Schymanski Emma L. (2022). The NORMAN Suspect List Exchange (NORMAN-SLE): facilitating European and worldwide collaboration on suspect screening in high resolution mass spectrometry. Environmental Sciences Europe, 34(1), 104 (26p.). Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :