Dynamical Properties of Weather Regime Transitions
|Author(s)||Platzer Paul1, Chapron Bertrand1, Tandeo Pierre2|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Laboratoire d’Océanographie Physique et Spatiale (LOPS), Ifremer, Plouzané, France
2 : Lab-STICC, UMR CNRS 6285, IMT Atlantique, Plouzané, France
|Book||Chapron Bertrand, Crisan Dan, Holm Darryl, Mémin Etienne, Radomska Anna (Eds.) (2023). Stochastic Transport in Upper Ocean Dynamics. STUOD 2021 Workshop, London, UK, September 20-23. Springer International Publishing. ISBN 978-3-031-18987-6. Part of the Mathematics of Planet Earth book series (MPE,volume 10), pp.223-236|
Large-scale weather can often be successfully described using a small amount of patterns. A statistical description of reanalysed pressure fields identifies these recurring patterns with clusters in state-space, also called “regimes”. Recently, these weather regimes have been described through instantaneous, local indicators of dimension and persistence, borrowed from dynamical systems theory and extreme value theory. Using similar indicators and going further, we focus here on weather regime transitions. We use 60 years of winter-time sea-level pressure reanalysis data centered on the North-Atlantic ocean and western Europe. These experiments reveal regime-dependent behaviours of dimension and persistence near transitions, although in average one observes an increase of dimension and a decrease of persistence near transitions. The effect of transition on persistence is stronger and lasts longer than on dimension. These findings confirm the relevance of such dynamical indicators for the study of large-scale weather regimes, and reveal their potential to be used for both the understanding and detection of weather regime transitions.