The Mediterranean Sea we want

Type Article
Date 2021
Language English
Author(s) Cappelletto MargheritaORCID1, Santoleri RosaliaORCID1, Evangelista LorenzaORCID1, Galgani FrancoisORCID2, Garcés EstherORCID3, Giorgetti AlessandraORCID4, Fava FabioORCID5, Herut BarakORCID6, Hilmi KarimORCID7, Kholeif SuzanORCID8, Lorito StefanoORCID9, Sammari CherifORCID10, Lianos Mónica CampillosORCID11, Celussi MauroORCID4, D’alelio DomenicoORCID12, Francocci FedraORCID13, Giorgi GiordanoORCID14, Canu Donata MelakuORCID4, Organelli EmanueleORCID13, Pomaro AngelaORCID13, Sannino GianmariaORCID15, Segou MargaritaORCID16, Simoncelli SimonaORCID9, Babeyko AndreyORCID17, Barbanti AndreaORCID13, Chang-Seng DenisORCID18, Cardin VanessaORCID4, Casotti RaffaellaORCID12, Drago AldoORCID19, Asmi Souha ElORCID20, Eparkhina DinaORCID21, Fichaut MicheleORCID2, Hema Tatjiana22, Procaccini GabrieleORCID12, Santoro FrancescaORCID18, Scoullos MichaelORCID23, Solidoro CosimoORCID4, Trincardi FabioORCID13, Tunesi LeonardoORCID14, Umgiesser GeorgORCID13, Zingone AdrianaORCID12, Ballerini ToscaORCID24, Chaffai AmelORCID25, Coppini GiovanniORCID26, de Gruber Sieglin27, Knezevic JelenaORCID22, Leone Gaetano22, Penca JernejaORCID28, Pinardi NadiaORCID5, Petihakis GeorgeORCID21, Rio Marie-Helen29, Said MohamedORCID8, Siokouros ZachariasORCID30, Srour Abdellah31, Snoussi MariaORCID32, Tintoré JoaquínORCID33, Vassilopoulou Vassiliki34, Zavatarelli MarcoORCID5
Affiliation(s) 1 : Commissione Oceanografica Italiana - COI, Italy; Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - CNR, Italy
2 : Institut Français de Recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer - IFREMER, France & Station de Bastia, France
3 : Institut de Ciencies del Mar, Spain
4 : Instituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale - OGS, Italy
5 : Universita di Bologna, Italy
6 : Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research, Israel
7 : Institut National de Recherche Halieutique, Marocco
8 : National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Egypt
9 : Instituto Nazionale Di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - INGV, Italy
10 : Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer, Tunisia
11 : Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia - IEO, Spain
12 : Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn - SZN, Italy
13 : Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - CNR, Italy
14 : Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale - ISPRA, Italy
15 : Agenzia nazionale per le nuove tecnologie, l’energia e lo sviluppo economico sostenibile - ENEA, Italy
16 : British Geological Survey BGS, England - UK
17 : Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum - GFZ, Germany
18 : Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, France
19 : University of Malta, Malta
20 : Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas - SPA/RAC, Tunisia
21 : European Global Ocean Observing System - EuroGOOS AISBL, Belgium
22 : United Nations Environment Programme / Coordinating Unit for the Mediterranean Action Plan, Greece
23 : Mediterranean Information Office for Environment, Culture and Sustainable Development, Greece
24 : Expédition MED, France
25 : Innovation House Consulting(C) Sarl, Tunisia
26 : Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici - CMCC, Italy
27 : European Commission, DG Research and Innovation - SDME, Belgium
28 : Euro-Mediterranean University, Slovenia
29 : European Space Agency - ESRIN, Italy
30 : Cyprus Marine and Maritime Institute - CMMI, Cyprus
31 : General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean, Italy
32 : Mohammed V University, Morocco
33 : Balearic Islands Coastal Observing and Forecasting System - SOCIB, Spain
34 : Hellenic Centre for Marine Research - HCMR, Greece
Source Ocean And Coastal Research (2675-2824) (FapUNIFESP (SciELO)), 2021 , Vol. 69 , N. suppl 1 , P. e21031 (39p.)
DOI 10.1590/2675-2824069.21019mc
WOS© Times Cited 4
Keyword(s) Ocean Decade, Mediterranean Sea, Sustainable Development Goals, Marine science, Co-design
Abstract

This paper presents major gaps and challenges for implementing the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030) in the Mediterranean region. The authors make recommendations on the scientific knowledge needs and co-design actions identified during two consultations, part of the Decade preparatory-phase, framing them in the Mediterranean Sea’s unique environmental and socio-economic perspectives. According to the ‘Mediterranean State of the Environment and Development Report 2020’ by the United Nations Environment Programme Mediterranean Action Plan and despite notable progress, the Mediterranean region is not on track to achieve and fully implement the Sustainable Development Goals of Agenda 2030. Key factors are the cumulative effect of multiple human-induced pressures that threaten the ecosystem resources and services in the global change scenario. The basin, identified as a climate change vulnerability hotspot, is exposed to pollution and rising impacts of climate change. This affects mainly the coastal zones, at increasing risk of extreme events and their negative effects of unsustainable management of key economic assets. Transitioning to a sustainable blue economy is the key for the marine environment’s health and the nourishment of future generations. This challenging context, offering the opportunity of enhancing the knowledge to define science-based measures as well as narrowing the gaps between the Northen and Southern shores, calls for a joint (re)action. The paper reviews the state of the art of Mediterranean Sea science knowledge, sets of trends, capacity development needs, specific challenges, and recommendations for each Decade’s societal outcome. In the conclusions, the proposal for a Mediterranean regional programme in the framework of the Ocean Decade is addressed. The core objective relies on integrating and improving the existing ocean-knowledge, Ocean Literacy, and ocean observing capacities building on international cooperation to reach the “Mediterranean Sea that we want”.

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Cappelletto Margherita, Santoleri Rosalia, Evangelista Lorenza, Galgani Francois, Garcés Esther, Giorgetti Alessandra, Fava Fabio, Herut Barak, Hilmi Karim, Kholeif Suzan, Lorito Stefano, Sammari Cherif, Lianos Mónica Campillos, Celussi Mauro, D’alelio Domenico, Francocci Fedra, Giorgi Giordano, Canu Donata Melaku, Organelli Emanuele, Pomaro Angela, Sannino Gianmaria, Segou Margarita, Simoncelli Simona, Babeyko Andrey, Barbanti Andrea, Chang-Seng Denis, Cardin Vanessa, Casotti Raffaella, Drago Aldo, Asmi Souha El, Eparkhina Dina, Fichaut Michele, Hema Tatjiana, Procaccini Gabriele, Santoro Francesca, Scoullos Michael, Solidoro Cosimo, Trincardi Fabio, Tunesi Leonardo, Umgiesser Georg, Zingone Adriana, Ballerini Tosca, Chaffai Amel, Coppini Giovanni, de Gruber Sieglin, Knezevic Jelena, Leone Gaetano, Penca Jerneja, Pinardi Nadia, Petihakis George, Rio Marie-Helen, Said Mohamed, Siokouros Zacharias, Srour Abdellah, Snoussi Maria, Tintoré Joaquín, Vassilopoulou Vassiliki, Zavatarelli Marco (2021). The Mediterranean Sea we want. Ocean And Coastal Research, 69(suppl 1), e21031 (39p.). Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1590/2675-2824069.21019mc , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00741/85284/