||Bodiguel Xavier2, Loizeau Veronique1, Le Guellec Anne-Marie, Roupsard Francois, Philippon Xavier, Mellon-Duval Capucine2
||1 : IFREMER, Ctr Brest, Technopole Brest Iroise, Dept Biogeochim & Ecotoxicol, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
2 : IFREMER, Dept Halieut Mediterraneen & Trop, F-34203 Sete, France.
||Science Of The Total Environment (0048-9697) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2009-12 , Vol. 408 , N. 2 , P. 304-311
|WOS© Times Cited
||Bioaccumulation, PCBs, p,p ' DDE, Merluccius merluccius, Demersal fish, Mediterranean Sea
||The main objective of this work was to establish the influence of sex, maturity and reproduction on the contamination of the demersal fish Merluccius merluccius by organochlorine compounds. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and p,p'DDE were quantified in muscle, liver and gonads of female and male hakes collected in the Gulf of Lions in 2004 and 2005. Observed levels appeared higher than the population of the Bay of Biscay and lower than the population of the Thyrrenian Sea. Contaminant fingerprints were roughly constant whatever the studied organ and the hake biological condition. Concentrations varied significantly according to the sex and maturity of hakes. Mature specimens were more contaminated than immature, and males presented higher levels than females. This sex effect can be linked to a lower growth rate of males, and a contaminant elimination during female spawning. Gonadal contamination depends on the importance of lipid content and increases with the maturation degree. Although the main organ of energy and PCB storage is the liver, muscle appears as the main contributor to the gonad contamination. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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