Limits of the seismogenic zone in the epicentral region of the 26 December 2004 great Sumatra-Andaman earthquake: Results from seismic refraction and wide-angle reflection surveys and thermal modeling

Type Article
Date 2010
Language English
Author(s) Klingelhoefer FraukeORCID1, Gutscher M. -A.2, Ladage S.3, Dessa J. -X.4, Graindorge D.2, Franke D.3, Andre Camille2, Permana H.5, Yudistira T.7, Chauhan A.6
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, Dept Marine Geosci, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
2 : Univ Bretagne Occidentale, Inst Univ Europeen Mer, UMR 6538, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
3 : Fed Inst Geosci & Nat Resources, D-30655 Hannover, Germany.
4 : Univ Paris 06, CNRS, Observ Oceanol Villefranche, UMR 6526, F-06235 Villefranche Sur Mer, France.
5 : Indonesia Inst Sci, Res Ctr Geotechnol, Earth Dynam & Geol Disaster Div, Bandung 40132, Indonesia.
6 : Inst Phys Globe, Lab Geosci Marines, F-75252 Paris, France.
7 : Inst Teknol Bandung, Program Studi Tekn Geofis, Bandung 40132, Indonesia.
Source Journal Of Geophysical Research Solid Earth (0148-0227) (Amer Geophysical Union), 2010 , Vol. 115 , N. B01304 , P. 1-23
DOI 10.1029/2009JB006569
WOS© Times Cited 44
Keyword(s) middle america trench, fore arc basin, bottom seismographic observation, subduction zone, crustal structure, accretionary prism, mantle serpentinization, aftershock distribution, megathrust earthquakes, velocity structure
Abstract The 26 December 2004 Sumatra earthquake (M-w = 9.1) initiated around 30 km depth and ruptured 1300 km of the Indo-Australian-Sunda plate boundary. During the Sumatra-OBS (ocean bottom seismometer) survey, a wide-angle seismic profile was acquired across the epicentral region. A seismic velocity model was obtained from combined travel time tomography and forward modeling. Together with reflection seismic data from the SeaCause II cruise, the deep structure of the source region of the great earthquake is revealed. Four to five kilometers of sediments overlie the oceanic crust at the trench, and the subducting slab can be imaged down to a depth of 35 km. We find a crystalline backstop 120 km from the trench axis, below the fore-arc basin. A high-velocity zone at the lower landward limit of the ray-covered domain, at 22 km depth, marks a shallow continental Moho, 170 km from the trench. The deep structure obtained from the seismic data was used to construct a thermal model of the fore arc in order to predict the limits of the seismogenic zone along the plate boundary fault. Assuming 100 degrees-150 degrees C as its updip limit, the seismogenic zone is predicted to begin 5-30 km from the trench. The downdip limit of the 2004 rupture as inferred from aftershocks is within the 350 degrees-450 degrees C temperature range, but this limit is 210-250 km from the trench axis and is much deeper than the fore-arc Moho. The deeper part of the rupture occurred along the contact between the mantle wedge and the downgoing plate.
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Klingelhoefer Frauke, Gutscher M. -A., Ladage S., Dessa J. -X., Graindorge D., Franke D., Andre Camille, Permana H., Yudistira T., Chauhan A. (2010). Limits of the seismogenic zone in the epicentral region of the 26 December 2004 great Sumatra-Andaman earthquake: Results from seismic refraction and wide-angle reflection surveys and thermal modeling. Journal Of Geophysical Research Solid Earth, 115(B01304), 1-23. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1029/2009JB006569 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/11155/