Molecular epidemiology of Vibrio nigripulchritudo, a pathogen of cultured penaeid shrimp (Litopenaeus stylirostris) in New Caledonia

Type Article
Date 2006-11
Language English
Author(s) Goarant Cyrille1, Reynaud Yann2, Ansquer Dominique1, De Decker Sophie1, Saulnier Denis2, Leroux Frederique2
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, Dept Aquaculture, Noumea 98846, New Caledonia.
2 : IFREMER, Lab Genet & Pathol, F-17390 La Tremblade, France.
Source Systematic and Applied Microbiology (0723-2020) (Elsevier), 2006-11 , Vol. 29 , N. 7 , P. 570-580
DOI 10.1016/j.syapm.2005.12.005
WOS© Times Cited 28
Keyword(s) Virulence, Epidemiology, Typing, MLST, AP PCR, Mariculture, Vibriosis
Abstract A collection of 57 isolates of Vibrio nigripulchritudo from either diseased or healthy shrimp and from shrimp farms environment was studied in order to gain a better understanding of the epidemiology of this pathogen, notably isolated from two distinct shrimp disease complexes. Molecular typing using two different techniques, arbitrarily primed PCR (AP-PCR) and multi-locus sequence typing (MLST), studied together with experimental pathology data allowed a relevant epidemiological insight into this possibly emerging pathogen. Additionally, results obtained with the two molecular typing techniques were congruent and allowed discriminating the strains associated with the "Summer Syndrome" from strains isolated from other contexts, especially the other shrimp vibriosis "Syndrome 93". These results highlight that the "Summer Syndrome" is most probably caused by an emergent clonal pathogen that therefore deserves surveillance and that AP-PCR can satisfactorily be used for that purpose
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Goarant Cyrille, Reynaud Yann, Ansquer Dominique, De Decker Sophie, Saulnier Denis, Leroux Frederique (2006). Molecular epidemiology of Vibrio nigripulchritudo, a pathogen of cultured penaeid shrimp (Litopenaeus stylirostris) in New Caledonia. Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 29(7), 570-580. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.syapm.2005.12.005 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/1913/