Crustal structure of the basin and ridge system west of New Caledonia (southwest Pacific) from wide-angle and reflection seismic data.
|Author(s)||Klingelhoefer Frauke1, Lafoy Y2, Collot Julien1, Cosquer Emmanuel1, Geli Louis1, Nouze Herve1, Vially R3|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : IFREMER, Ctr Brest, Dept Geodynam & Geophys, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
2 : Bureau of Geology and Mines, Department of Industry, Mines and Energy of New Caledonia, B.P. 465-98845, Nouméa, New Caledonia
3 : Inst Francais Petr, F-92852 Rueil Malmaison, France.
|Source||Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid earth (0148-0227) (American Geophysical Union), 2007-11 , Vol. 112 , N. B11102 , P. NIL_71-NIL_88|
|WOS© Times Cited||32|
|Keyword(s)||crustal structure, SW Pacific, wide angle seismic|
|Abstract|| During the Zoneco 11 marine geophysical survey (September 2004), two deep reflection seismic profiles recorded by ocean bottom seismometers were acquired in the offshore domain west of New Caledonia. The northern profile crosses the New Caledonia Basin, the Fairway Ridge, the Fairway Basin, and the Lord Howe Rise. The southern profile crosses the Norfolk Rise south of New Caledonia, the New Caledonia Basin, the Fairway Ridge and Basin, and ends at the foot of Lord Howe Rise. On the northern profile the Lord Howe Rise has a crustal thickness of 23 km and exhibits seismic velocities and velocity gradients characteristic of continental crust. The crust thins to 12-15 km in the neighboring Fairway Basin, which is interpreted to be of thinned continental origin based on the seismic velocities. The crustal thickness of the Fairway Rise is 22 km, and it is also interpreted to be of continental origin. The New Caledonian Basin is underlain by crust of 10 km thickness, which shows unusally high velocities (between 7.0 and 7.4) uncharacteristic for either thinned continental or oceanic crust. On the southern profile the Norfolk Rise is also found to be of continental nature. Here, the New Caledonia Basin shows velocities, crustal thickness, and basement roughness characteristic of typical oceanic crust. The crust in the Fairway Basin shows higher velocities than on the northern profile, which could be caused by volcanic intrusions into the crust during extension. A deep reflector in the upper mantle was imaged underneath the New Caledonian Basin on the northern profile.|