Interglacial variability (MIS 5 and MIS 7) and dinoflagellate cyst assemblages in the Bay of Biscay (North Atlantic)

Type Article
Date 2008-07
Language English
Author(s) Penaud A1, Eynaud F1, Turon J1, Zaragosi S1, Marret F2, Bourillet Jean-FrançoisORCID3
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Bordeaux 1, CNRS, UMR 5805, EPOC, F-33405 Talence, France.
2 : Univ Liverpool, Dept Geog, Liverpool L69 7ZT, Merseyside, England.
3 : IFREMER, Dept Marine Geosci, Lab Environm Sedimentaires, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
Source Marine Micropaleontology (0377-8398) (Elsevier), 2008-07 , Vol. 68 , N. 1-2 , P. 136-155
DOI 10.1016/j.marmicro.2008.01.007
WOS© Times Cited 34
Keyword(s) Climatic optima, Interglacial Complexes, Marine Isotope Stages MIS 5 and 7, Celtic Armorican margin, Foraminifera, Dinoflagellate cysts
Abstract The interglacial periods of the late Quaternary are frequently investigated as they constitute potential analogues for our modem climate and may shed light on the key questions of natural climate variability and future developments. The aim of this work is to reconstruct the paleoenvironmental history of Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 5 and 7 in deep-sea sediments of the northern Bay of Biscay (North East Atlantic Ocean). On the basis of a multiproxy compilation, including analysis of dinoflagellate cyst assemblages, we discuss the nature of the paleoenvironmental and paleoclimate changes that took place in this region. Recurrent successions Of Species marking the beginning and the Termination of the Interglacial Complexes (MIS 5 and MIS 7) revealed a coherent scheme of water mass migration during these key transitional periods. Moreover, our data extend knowledge about the ecology of several dinoflagellate taxa. In particular, we discuss the ecology of Spiniferites septentrionalis and note that this species can be used as a biostratigraphical tracer in North Atlantic Quaternary sediments, until a major event of iceberg calving occurred during MIS 6. dated to around 150 ka BP. The dinocyst Spinferites mirabilis appears to be an important proxy for recognizing warm intervals within Interglacial Complexes. During MIS 5e, the Last Interglacial, this species is represented by the highest percentages ever recorded in sediments from the North Atlantic region. Peak occurrence of this species during MIS 7 indicates that substage MIS 7c, the second warm interval of the Penultimate Interglacial, represents the climatic optimum during the MIS 7 Interglacial Complex.
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