The Western Mediterranean Deep Water: A proxy for climate change - art. no. L12608

Type Article
Date 2005-06
Language English
Author(s) Rixen Michel1, 2, Beckers J2, Levitus S3, Antonov J3, Boyer T3, Maillard Catherine4, Fichaut MicheleORCID4, Balopoulos E5, Iona S5, Dooley H6, Garcia M7, Manca B8, Giorgetti A8, Manzella G9, Mikhailov N10, Pinardi N11, Zavatarelli M11
Affiliation(s) 1 : NURC, I-19138 La Spezia, Italy.
2 : Univ Liege, Inst Phys, MARE GHER, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.
3 : NOAA, NODC, Silver Spring, MD 20910 USA.
4 : IFREMER, Ctr Brest, SISMER, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
5 : Aghios Kosmas hellinikon, HNODC, NCMR, Athens 16604, Greece.
6 : ICES, DK-1261 Copenhagen, Denmark.
7 : IEO, Madrid 28002, Spain.
8 : OGS, I-34010 Sgonico, Italy.
9 : ENEA, CRAM, I-19100 La Spezia, Italy.
10 : RIHMI WDC, Obninsk 249020, Kaluga Region, Russia.
11 : Univ Bologna, Dept Phys, Alma Mater Studiorum, I-40127 Bologna, Italy.
Source Geophysical Research Letters (0094-8276) (AGU), 2005-06 , Vol. 32 , N. 12 , P. NIL_47-NIL_50
DOI 10.1029/2005GL022702
WOS© Times Cited 216
Keyword(s) North Atlantic, West mediterranee, Thermohaline circulation, Temperature variation, Deep water, Water masses, Air sea heat flux
Abstract Reconstructions of Mediterranean ocean temperature fields back to 1950 show a proxy relationship between heat content changes in the North Atlantic and the Western Mediterranean Deep Water ( WMDW) formed in the Gulf of Lions in winter, because of consistent air-sea heat fluxes over these areas, strongly correlated to the North Atlantic Oscillation ( NAO).
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Rixen Michel, Beckers J, Levitus S, Antonov J, Boyer T, Maillard Catherine, Fichaut Michele, Balopoulos E, Iona S, Dooley H, Garcia M, Manca B, Giorgetti A, Manzella G, Mikhailov N, Pinardi N, Zavatarelli M (2005). The Western Mediterranean Deep Water: A proxy for climate change - art. no. L12608. Geophysical Research Letters, 32(12), NIL_47-NIL_50. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :